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《Scientia Geographica Sinica》 2015-08
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Impact of Land Use Change on Cultivated Land Productivity in Taihu Lake Basin

PAN Pei-pei;YANG Gui-shan;SU Wei-zhong;WANG Xiao-xu;College of Resources and Environment Science,Hebei Normal University;Hebei Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Ecological Construction;Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,CAS;Hebei Urban and Rural Planning Institute;  
With gradual population increase and rapid economic development,the change of land use patterns continued to accelerate and the cropland resources were fast dwindling in Taihu Lake Basin.As a result,these changes significantly impact arableland productivity and regional food security. This article attempts to carry out factor analyses and assessments of the effect of land use change on cultivated land productivity in Taihu Lake Basin.It has been done by grid processin and spatially superposed operating through combining climate data derived from spatial interpolation,digitized soil data,remote sensing data derived from multi-source inversion,and agricultural statistics data.In addition,this study employed AEZ model simulation and GIS technology.The main results can be obtained as follows: 1) The grading results of cultivated land productivity show that the level of productivity of arable land is high and high-quality arable land is widely distributed; 2) The local industrialization and urbanization lead to the rapid expansion of construction land and the significant decline of cultivated land in 1985-2010; 3) The change of cultivated land is characteristized by the feature that"a sharp drop in high-yield cultivated land and a slow increasing in low-yield cultivated land".Since those reduced cultivated land that along cities and traffic always have high quality after long-term cultivation,whereas those new cultivated land that generated from land reclamation always have low soil quality.Thus it lead to the decline in the level of overall productivity of cultivated land and the decline pattern is different in the two different stages of1985-2000 and 2000-2010; 4) The food production reducing of Taihu Lake Basin can be mainly contributed by the decrease of cultivated land with high quality. Besides, the reduction of food production is different varies in different counties owing to different economic development levels and various condition of cultivated land use.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41401646;41030745;41401113);; 河北省自然科学基金(D2015205154)资助
【CateGory Index】: F323.211
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