THE STATUS QUO AND THE PREVENTING AND CONTROLLING COUNTERMEASURES FOR THE WATER ENVIRONMENT PROBLEMS IN THE REGION SURROUNDED BY THE BOHAI SEA
Wu Kai (Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100101)
The region surrounded by the Bohai Sea includes 31 counties, cities and districts of Tianjin City, Hebei Province and Shandong Province. The status quo of the water environment problems in the region, such as running out of flow in the Huanghe River, water contamination in the rivers, funnel of groundwater and earth subsidence, invasion of seawater, fluorine poisonning in drinking water and abnormal content of iodine in groundwater and so on, were briefly analyzed in this paper, in which running out of flow in the Huanghe River has the tendency of occurring more frequent, longer and more early. In view of the problems as said above, the preventing and controlling countermeasures for the water environment were suggested, which are available for reference by the policy making departments concerned.