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《SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA》 1999-01
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GEOCHRONOLOGICAL AND PALEOCLIMATIC STUDIES ON A STALAGMITE FROM NANJING MAN CAVE

Wang Yongjin 1) Chen Qi 2) Liu Zechun 1) 1) (Department of Geography, Nanjin Normal University, Nangjing 220097) 2) (Department of Archaeology, Peking University, Beijing 100871)  
Th/ 234 U ages are determined on one stalagmite from Tangshan Cave in which fossil hominid craniums were discovered previously. The growth interval of the stalagmite suggests that the Nanjing Man fossils were older than 381 ka B.P.. An oxygen isotope temperature record from 381 to 166 ka B.P. has been obtained by combining data on the isotopic composition of calcites with that of fluid inclusions trapped in the stalagmite. The result of the isotope temperature indicates that temperature of the glacial stages were on average about 10℃ lower than those of the interglacial stages. The variations of crystal habits of calcites and laminated bandding on the stalagmite slice could represent dry and humid changes of cave environment. A comparison between the δ 18 O curve and a petrographical microsequence of the stalagmite reveals that the several laminae were geochronologically related to the paleoclimatic events. Our study on trace elements of the stalagmite could not support the opinion that Mg/Sr ratio can be used as a proxy indicator for paleoclimate.
【CateGory Index】: P597.3,P597.3
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