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《Journal of Dalian Institute of Light Industry》 2006-01
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Preparation of a novel kind of cationic starch and surface activity of its aqueous solution

GUO Xiao-feng,CAO Ya-feng,XIANG Jing,QIU Chuang(School of Chemistry Engineering & Material,Dalian Institute of Light Industry,Dalian 116034,China)  
Cationic starch is extensively used in paper making and textile industry.Conventional cationic starch is not easy to prepare and expensive.It is disadvantageous in high affinity for water and low for oil,affecting its surface activity.To remedy these defects,a novel kind of cationic starch is prepared by using epoxypropyl-triethylammonium chloride and starch.Analyzing various reaction factors the optimum reaction condition is determined as follows: temperature,45-50℃;reaction time,4.5h,concentration of sodium hydroxide,0.2mol/L,the ratio of reactant,n(epoxypropyl-triethylammonium chlorid(Ⅰ)/n(starch)=0.8/1.The surface tension of the aqueous solution of this cationic starch is deceased to 52.8mN/m,exhibiting good surface activity.
【CateGory Index】: TQ423.12
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1 ZHANG Juan~(1,2),FAN Xiao-dong~1,LIU Yi-feng~2,ZHANG Yazhou~2,BO Lan~2(1.Department of Chemical Engineering,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi′an 710072China;2.Applied Chemical Institute,Northwest University,Xi′an 710069,China);PROGRESSES IN THE SYNTHESIS OF FUNCTIONAL POLYVINYLAMINE AND ITS DERIVATIVES[J];Polymer Materials Science & Engineering;2006-01
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