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《Journal of Dalian Fisheries University》 2007-02
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Polyculture of juvenile sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus intermedius) with juvenile sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus Selenka) at various stocking densities

WANG Ji-qiao1,CHENG Xin1,YANG Yi1,WANG Nian-bin2(1.School of Life Science and Technology,Dalian Fisheries Univ.,Dalian 116023,China;2.Liaoning Ocean and Fisheries Research Institute,Dalian 116023,China)  
Sea urchin(Strongylocentrotus intermedius)juveniles weighing(1.7±0.7)g were stocked into 24 plastic tanks of each 45 cm×31 cm×30 cm at a rate of 10,20 and 30 individuals per tank and polycultured with juvenile sea cucumber(Apostichopus japonicus Selenka)averaging(1.8±0.5)g in body weight at water temperature of 13.0~23.0 ℃ for 151 days.The sea urchin were ad libtum fed kelp(Laminaria japonica) and the sea cucumber unfed.Specific grow rate and survival were found to increase by 28.46%,2.86%;33.99%,10.35% and 25.52%,23.13% in the sea urchin polycutured with sea cucumber at a rate of 10,20 and 30 individuals per tank,respectively.There was 1.50%,7.99% and 1.85% lower feed conversion ratio in polyculture than in monoculture for each stocking density of sea urchin.In polyculture water,ammonia-N level was registered low and constant,and high dissolved oxygen level was observed.The density of sea urchin showed no significant influence on approximate composition of sea cucumber(P0.05).Factors affecting polyculture of sea urchin with sea cucumber including optimal ratio of sea urchin to sea cucumber were discussed.
【Fund】: 辽宁省自然科学基金资助项目(20022153)
【CateGory Index】: S968.9
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