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《Journal of Dalian Fisheries University》 2009-03
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Effects of dietary vitamin C levels on growth and some immune indexes in Hemibarbus maculates juveniles

WANG Ji-qiao1,CHU Yan-wei1,ZHANG Li-yan1,CHENG Ai-xiang1,QI Cai-xia1,LI Wen-kuan2,YAN You-li2(1.Life Science and Technique College,Dalian Fisheries University,Dalian 116023,China;2.Freshwater Fisheries Institute of Liaoning Province,Liaoyang 111000,China)  
A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate effects of dietary ascorbic acid(vitamin C) on growth and some immune indexes in the juvenile Hemibarbus maculates.The juveniles with 14.84 g in initial body weight were stocked into 12 net cages of each 60 cm ×60 cm×120 cm placed in two flowing water concrete tanks of each 6.0 m×2.0 m×1.2 m at a rate of 25 individuals per cage and fed semi-purified formulated feed containing 37.0% of crude protein and 11.0% of crude lipid,and supplemented with four levels(0,1 000,2 000,3 000 mg/kg diet) of 95% coated-ascorbic acid with triplication for each diet at a water temperature of(25.0±3.0)℃ for 125 days.The survival of the juveniles ranged from 93.33% to 98.67% during the experiment,without significant differences among the groups(P0.05).The specific growth rate(SGR) of the fish increased with increase in dietary vitamin C levels first,and then decreased.The fish fed the diets containing the vitamin C levels of 1 415.78 mg/kg and 1 451.74 mg/kg had the maximal SGR and the minimal feed conversion ratio(FCR).The maximal serurm γ-globulin level,and activities of lysozyme and superoxide dismutase(SOD),very significantly different from the control group(P0.01),were found in the fish fed the diets containing the vitamin C levels of 973.00,2 857.00 and 1 882.00 mg/kg,respectively.There were very significantly higher activities of protease,amylase and lipase in the hepatopancreas of Hemibarbus maculates fed the diets supplemented with vitamin C than those in the fish fed the diets without vitamin C supplementation(P0.01).
【Fund】: 辽宁省重点科技项目(2004203002)
【CateGory Index】: S963
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