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《Journal of Dalian Ocean University》 2015-04
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Correlation and path analysis of main economic traits in wild population of clam Dosinia corrugate

WANG Cheng-dong;NIE Hong-tao;LU Yao;ZHAO Li-qiang;SONG Ya-ya;YAN Xi-wu;Engineering Research Center of Shellfish Culture and Breeding in Liaoning Province,Dalian Ocean University;Key Laboratory of Mariculture & Stock Enhancement in North China's Sea,Ministry of Agriculture,Dalian Ocean University;  
The effects of phenotypic morphometric traits attributes on weight traits were analyzed in 125 samples of wild clam Dosinia corrugate randomly selected from Zhuanghe,Dalian in November,2013 by correlation analysis,path analysis and regression analysis to ascertain the optimal and measurable indices used in artificial breeding of the clam. The morphometric traits and weight traits were measured including shell length( SL),shell height( SH),shell width( SW),distance from apex of shell to shell front part( a),distance from apex of shell to the anterior to shell( b),ligament length( c),live body weight( W),soft body weight( MW) and total body weight( Sw). It was found that there was very significant difference in the correlation coefficient between the various characters in the clam( P0.01). Shell length( SL) and shell height( SH) showed the predominant direct effect and determinacy on the live body weight( W),soft body weight( MW) and total body weight( Sw)( 0.648). The phenotypic traits of characters and the optimal regression equation were established in the clam by stepwise regression method.The findings provide theoretical basis for the breeding and selection breeding of D.corrugate.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金青年基金资助项目(31302183);; 国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项经费资助项目(CARS-48);; 辽宁省优秀人才项目(LJQ2014076);; 辽宁省农业青年科技创新人才项目(2014004);; 大连市科学技术基金资助项目(2013J21DW010 2014B11NC092)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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