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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 1990-01
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GLACIER RECESSION AND LAKE SHRINKAGE INDICATINGTHE CLIMATIC WARMING AND DRYING TRENDIN CENTRAL ASIA

Shi Yafeng (Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology)  
Mass balance observations on Urumqi River, No.1 Glacier and Tuyuksu Glacier in Tian-shan show a large deficit during the 1980's as compared with the decades before. The Qinghai Lake in Northeastern Qinghai-xizang (Tibet) Plateau and the Issyk-kul Lake in Soviet Tianshan have been continuously shrinking during the past few centuries. Since the maximum of the Little Ice Age which occurred mainly in the 18th century, glaciers have decreased in area by about 44% in the Urumqi valley. These data and other evidence of glaciers, lakes, etc. clearly indicate that the climatic warming and drying tendency grows stronger in this century and would possibly persist to the early decades of next century. The growing greenhouse effect due to the increase of CO2 and other related gases will enhance this tendency in the near future. However, should the high temperature period of the early and middle Holocene reappear, the climate might become humid.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金的资助
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