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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 1993-01
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A STUDY ON REQIONAL DIFFERENCE OF CHINA'S PAID URBAN LANDUSE SYSTEM AND GRADING

Dong Liming Li Xiangming Fend Changchun (Peking University, 100871) Hu Cunzhi Liao Yonglin (State Land Admiaistration burcau, Beijing, 100081)  
At present' paid urban landuse system is one of the most important economic reform ID China. In the other words, landuse right can be transferred and land users must pay the rent to the state according to the quality of land. It is necessary .to apply the theory of rent and location to the economic appraisal of urban land. China is vast in territory. It's geographical condition and economic development vary from place to place, so does the urban land value. In order to reveal the difference of land value between different cities, the following method is used. (1) Analysing the factors and elements that affect the quality of urban land. Six factors including 17 elements were selected in this paper: macrolocation of a city, benefit of urban aggregation, infrastructure investment, output value of urban land, potential of urban land, and investment intensity. (2) Deciding the weight and value of each factor. (3) Appraising each elem nt separatly. (4) Accounting the value of all factors and getting the total apprisal score of each city. (5) Grouping the 430 Chinese cities into seven categories according to the appraisal values. The result shows that all the ckies in the category with the highest land output values are in the coast belt, whereas most cities in the inland and outlying areas are belong to the category with low rank. For example, 87% of the cities in the outlying regions are belong to the lowes* rank. Although there are some relationship between the size of cities and urban land rank Generally speaking, the larger the city, the higher the urban land rank. In fact, fhe locational condition is the most important factor which in Ounces the rank of urban land-
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