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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 1993-01
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RECENT PROGRESS IN THE STUDY OF LAND EVALUATION IN CHINA

Ni Shaoxiang Ni Shaoxiang (Dept.of Geo & Occan Sciences, Nanjing University 210008) (Dept.of Geography, Peking University 100871)  
Land evaluation in China during the recent years has been much broadened in terms of its regional coverage and research contents. The general land evaluations for agriculturar develop ved towards regional and local 3tudi.es The general land evaluations for agricultural develop ment have gradually moved towards individual studies for crops, forests and animal husbandry, or even more narrow purposes such as plantings of rubber, ordnge, tea and so on Land evaluations far nonagricutural purposes such as those for tourism and for urban land ratings have also received more and more atention. In the land evaluations completed during the recent years the quantitative approaches, in comparison with the qualitative ones, were more widely used in selecting evaluation factors and appointing their weights, as well as combining individual land ratings into d final one. Beside:, land unit mapping and dara collection of evaluation factors based on the interpretation of both aerial photos and satellite images have almost become rountine tasks in land evaluation. The geographic information system (CIS) lias been more often used in land evaluation. All of these show that the study of land evaluation in China has entered a new development stage and the land science studies in the country have made a big progress. However- there is still a quite big gap in land evaluation research between China and the foreign countries- In order to fill this gap, the following measures should be taken in the future: (1) to make the field of land evaluation research more broad and to carry out more evaluations for non-agricultural purposes; (2) to make great efforrs to realize the standardization of the methodology of land evaluation; (3) to strengthen vigorously the fundamentary studies of land evaluation; (4) to make a further improvement of the techniques and technologies for land evaluation; and (5) to establish the data banks of land evaluation at both national and regional scales.
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