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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2001-05
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Development of Commodity Housing in Guangzhou and its Surrounding Areas

YAN Xiao pei 1, ZHOU Chun shan 1, DENG Shi wen 2, CHEN Hao guang 1 (1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China; 2. School of Land and Real Estate Management of Guangzhou, Guangzhou 510000, China)  
This paper, based on survey and statistical data, focuses on the development and distribution of commodity housing in Guangzhou and its surrounding areas in the 1990s Firstly, the characteristics of commodity housing development were identified, e g the development capacity increased, development scale expanded, development types were diversified, but the problems like empty space and incomplete building were obvious Then the spatial distribution and sprawl of commodity housing were analyzed For the urban district, 1 149 pre sale permits, accounting for 71 6% of the total permits, were issued The total built up area was 28 072×10 3 m 2, accounting for 73 9% of the total The five commodity housing types were spatially recognized They were (1) multi story residential buildings oriented to domestic market; (2) high density developed high story residential and office buildings at large scale (built up area above 84×10 3 m 2); (3) residential buildings with shops at small scale(built up area less than 36×10 3 m 2); (4) villa oriented the overseas market at medium scale(built up area between 84×10 3 m 2 and 36×10 3 m 2); and (5) low density developed high story office buildings with shops at medium scale In the suburbs, 456 pre sale permits, accounting for 28 4% of the total permits, were issued The total built up area was 9 916×10 3 m 2, accounting for 26 1% of the total Three characteristics of the commodity housing distribution in the suburbs could be identified: (1) the commodity housing stretched northwards, eastwards and westwards along the external transport routes; (2) there were a lot of villa and multi story commodity buildings as compared with the urban districts; and (3) the spatial pattern of function combination of buildings was diversified Thirdly, the spatial development of commodity housing in the surrounding areas of the city was examined Several characteristics could be identified: the development scale was rapid and large, the residential housing was dominant, the market was mainly oriented to local people of Guangzhou The main factors for commodity housing development in the surrounding areas were the movement of Guangzhou people outwards due to the inner city redevelopment and comparative advantages of real estate development in the surrounding areas Fourthly, the impacts of commodity housing development on urban spatial structure were analyzed The development of commodity housing has expanded the built up area and increased the height of the city, has promoted the spatial transformation of the urban functions and formation of new urban center, and has caused the formation of the satellite town crossing administrative divisions But it has also caused some negative effects, such as the over expansion of the built up areas and urban environmental issues Finally, three implications should be further considered (1) vacant commodity housing will hinder further investment, production and consumption of the real estate; (2) the different commodity housing types mean that the factors influencing the social spatial structure of Guangzhou are changing; and (3) the spatial expansion of commodity housing reflects the changes of territorial related urbanization type
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 ( 40 0 71 0 34 )~~
【CateGory Index】: F292
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