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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2002-03
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Relations of Drainage Density to the Hidden Actve Tectonics in the Hebei Plain

WANG Ruobai1, GUO Liangqian1, HAN Mukang2, YE Yanlin2, WU Lun21. First Crustal Deformation Monitoring Center C.S.B., Tianjin 300l80, China;2. Department of Urban & Environmenta1 Sciences, Peking Universjty Beijing100871, China  
In order to determine the distribution pattern of different drainage densities inHebei plain and its response to the recent activities of the hidden tectonic structures, theconcept of the drainage length density is introduced, which means the total drainage length inthe unit of a measuring square or "window". The values of density are plotted and contouredfrom a special map of drainage length density by computer. The older the topographic map isused, the more human impacts on drainage density can be excluded. Hence the old Beijing-Hebei topographic maps (l:50,000) published in l926 are used instead of the later onespublished in l974.From the analysis of the distribution pattern of the contoured high-andlow-drainage density areas on these maps, and comparison of these maps with otherprofessional maps of the drainage system, geomorphic types, basement blocks, the Quaternaryisopach, and the Bouguer gravity anomalies, the presend epiceners and earthquake clusters aswell as the historical earthquaks in association with field investigations, the followingimportant points are summarized. (1) The high-density area corresponds with thedownwarping/downfaulting region due to the increase of total drainage length. As a contrast,the low-density area coincides with the relatively upwarping/upfaulting region owing to thedecrease of total drainage length caused by straightening and shortening of river coure. Thesharp gradient zone of drainage density between the high- and low-density areas is coincidentwith the faulting zone. (2) There is an apparent coincidence of the above-stated high--andlow-drainage density zone and their gradient zones with the main distribution patterns of theobjects on the above-listed other professional maps. There can also be seen the coincidence ofintersection of drainage density zones with intersections of faulting zones. (3) All the abovepointed out indicates the sensitive and apparent response of drainage density in the alluvialplain to the recent, Holocene activities of the hidden basement blocks and fault zone with thehistorical and Present earthquakes involved.
【Fund】: 地震联合基金(197026)
【CateGory Index】: P931
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