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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2002-03
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Design and Operation Channels of the Ecological Purchase in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area

YAN Junping, YAN YanShaanxi Normal University, xi'an 7l0062, China  
This paper aims to discuss what is the best channel for eco-environmentalconstruction in the development of western region, taking the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia BorderArea for example. It is also a poverty-stricken area where soil erosion is very serious.According to investigation results, its ecological environmental construction must beeconomic construction, that is to say, 'Commodity Ecology'should be built and 'EcologicalCommodity' could be bought and sold, in order to achieve 'ecological rich'. The paper studiesthe necessity, possibility and operating channl of ecological purchase project. It is suggestedthat the government might start 'Ecological Purchase Project'.What is called ecological purchase is that government departments pay a sum of moneyto owners of forest and grass for its quantity and quality each year, start special projects, setup professional organizations, carry out national marketing economic system in typical areasWhere ecological environmental deterioration is very serious, in order to gain Win-Winbenefits for both local governments and peasants. The main part of purchase is government,that is to say, government departments pay bills for the existence of forest and grass whichrights of proprietary and use belong to peasants. It is similar to crops and cotton which weregovernment monopolistic commodities.The significance of ecological purchase is as follows: changing planned economy intomarket economy; changing process management into objective management; changingnational wants into peasan's requirements; changing capital constiruction into infrastructure;changing ineffective investment into effective investment; changing static investment intodynamic investment; changing invaluable ecology into valuable ecology; changing one sideparticipation into multi-participation; and changing national behavior into internationalbehavior after China's WTO accession.