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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2002-06
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Effect Simulations of Land Use Change on the Runoff and Erosion for a Gully Catchment of the Loess Plateau, China

FU Bojie1, QIU Yang2, WANG Jun3, CHEN Liding1(1. Department of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China;2. Department of Resources and Environmental Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;3. Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Center, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100035, China)  
Based on the calibration of LISEM (Limburg Soil Erosion Model), five land use scenarios consisting of the previous in 1975 (LU75), present in 1998 (LU98) and future land use pattern were used to simulate the effects of the land use change on runoff and erosion at outlet of the Da Nangou catchment on the Loess Plateau, China. The future land-use maps were made based on three land-use scenarios in which cropland areas are restricted to slope gradients smaller than 25 (FA25), 20 (FA20) and 15 degrees (FA15). Two stages were recognized based on the comparison analysis on these five maps. In the first stage from LU75, LU98 to FA25, the area of the wood/shrub land increases while those of the wasteland, fallow land and cropland decrease, and the orchard/cash-tree land remains the same. During the second stage consisting of the FA25, FA20 and FA15, there is a gradual decrease in the cropland and fallow land and a gradual increase in the orchard/cash-tree land; the other land-use types remain the same. According to the simulation, the predicted peak-velocity, runoff and erosion at outlet decrease significantly if the slope cropland and fallow land are replaced by other types of land use. The peak-velocity, runoff and erosion show the same sequences for different land use patterns in the following order: land use in 1975 (LU75) land use in 1998 25-degree-limit scenario 20-degree-limit scenario 15-degree-limit scenario. The runoff and erosion for LU75 and LU98 with much more cropland and fallow land is significantly greater than that for the three degree-limit scenarios with sharp increases in area of wood/shrub land. However, there is little difference in runoff and erosion among the three degree-limit scenarios since there is only a gradual decrease in the cropland and fallow land and a gradual increase in the orchard/cash-tree land. Based on the comparison with the land use in 1975, the predicted peak-velocity, runoff and erosion decrease by about 5-10% for land use in 1998, while the predicted decreases for the three slope-degree-limit scenarios are much larger, ranging between 40% and 50%.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划项目(90102018)~~
【CateGory Index】: F301.24
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9 Zeng Heping~1,Zhou Yue~2 (1.Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering,Kunming University of Science and Technology,Kunming 650093;2.ASEAN School,Yunnan University of Finance and Economics,Kunming 650221);Effect of Land Coverage Changes on Environmental Erosion in Longchuanjiang River Catchment in Yunnan Province[A];[C];2010
10 Wang Han;Evolution Process of Landuse and Its Impact of Ecological Degradation in Luochuan Tableland[A];[C];2012
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
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2 Mu Xingmin; Chen Guoliang(Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy ofSciences and Ministry of Water Resources Yangling Shaanxi 712100)Hidenori Takahashi Tetsuaki Nagasawa(Hokkaido University Sapporo 060 Japan);The Response of the Distributions of the Basic Eco-environmental Elements to the Loess Hilly Landform of the Loess Plateau[J];RESEARCH OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION;1998-01
3 Bai Hongying Tang Keli Chen Wenliang Zha Xuan Shi Ruiyun (Northwestern Institute of Soil and Water Conservation of Academia Sinica and the Ministry of Water Conservancy);Studies on the Process of Soil Erosion and Nutrient Loss in the Sloping Lands[J];Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation;1991-03
4 LI YUSHAN(Northwestern Institute of Water and Soil Conservation, Academia Sinica);THE PROPERTIES OF WATER CYCLE IN SOIL AND THEIR EFFECT ON WATER CYCLE FOR LAND IN THE LOESS REGION[J];Acta Ecologica Sinica;1983-02
5 QIU Yang 1,ZHANG Jin Tun (1.Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085,China;2.Institute of Loess Plateau,Shanxi University,Taiyuan 030006,China);The ordination axes clustering based on detrended canonical correspondence analysis ordination and its application to the analysis of the ecological gradients of plant communities[J];ACTA ECOLOGICA SINICA;2000-02
6 QIU Yang,FU Bo Jie,WANG Jun,CHEN Li Ding (Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085,China);Quantitative analysis of relationships between spatial and temporal variation of soil moisture content and environmental factors at a gully catchment of the Loess Plateau[J];ACTA ECOLOGICA SINICA;2000-05
7 Qiu Yang(Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085),Zhang Jintun, Zheng Fengying(Institute of Loess Plateau, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, 030006).;The Kernel of Landscape Ecology: Spatial and Temporal Heterogeneity in Ecological Systems.[J];CHINESE JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY;2000-02
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9 Liu Yuanbao Tang Keli Zha Xuan Shi Ruiyun (Northwestern Institute of Soil and Water Conservation under the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Water Conservancy);Experiment on the soil and water loss of slope land with different ground cover[J];Journal of Soil and Water Conservation;1990-01
10 Jiang Dingsheng Huang Guojun Fan Xinke(Northwestern Institute of Soil and Water Conservation under the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Water Conservancy);Experiment of the evaluation on benefits of soil and water conservation measures for slope land Ⅲ. evaluation to the comprehensive benefits of soil and wafer conservation measures on slope land[J];Journal of Soil and Water Conservation;1990-04
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