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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2003-04
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Economic Development and Its Bearing on CO_2 Emissions

ZHANG Lei (Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Beijing100101,China)  
Greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions in China have aroused much interest, and not least in recent evidence of their reduction although the country is not subject to any emissions reduction target under the Kyoto Protocol's first emission control period. Our intent is to place that reduction in a larger context, that of the process of industrialization. A lengthy time perspective is combined with a cross-sectional approach--China plus five other countries--and addressed through two general models. The findings are salutary. First, they suggest that a diversified economic structure is consistent with diminished intensity in energy use. Secondly, and the obverse of the first, they imply that a diversified energy structure promotes reductions in CO 2 emissions. Finally, one is led inevitably to the conclusion that, together, the findings point to a path for countries to transform their economies while at the same time undertaking to drastically moderate their energy use, switching from a pattern of heavy carbon emissions to one in which lighter carbon emissions prevail. The implications of such findings for environmental management are enormous.
【Fund】: 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所创新主干项目(CXIOG-EO1-05-04) ~~
【CateGory Index】: X169
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