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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2003-06
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Permafrost Changes in the Northern Limit of Permafrost on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the Last 30 Years

NAN Zhuotong, GAO Zeshen, LI Shuxun, WU Tonghua (State Key Lab of Frozen Soil Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou730000, China)  
A radar survey on permafrost changes has been conducted in Xidatan, the northern limit of permafrost on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Comparison with the survey result of 1975 in the same region shows that, in the last 30 years, permafrost degradation has occurred on a relatively large scale in the northern limit of permafrost on the QTP. Permafrost area in the region of interest has been shrunk to 141.0 km 2 from original 160.5 km 2 in 1975, or permafrost reduction rate estimated being about 12%. The lowest altitude with permafrost coverage is 4385 m exposed in this survey, 25 m higher than that of 1975. Climate change during the past 3 decades in the permafrost northern limit mostly contributes to the reduction. However, under the same climate scenario, no significant degradation was found in the scale of 30 years in the continuous permafrost zone, despite distinct ground temperature rising there. The survey result shows a fact to tell how and how much permafrost responses to climate change, and provides a reference to identify interaction models between permafrost and climate system.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新重大项目(KZCX1-SW-04);; 科技部项目(G1998040812);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目(CACX200009)~~
【CateGory Index】: P642.14
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