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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2003-S1
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Arid Climate Trend over Northeastern China and Its Response to Global Warming

XIE An 1 , SUN Yonggang 2 , BAI Renhai 2 (1. Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Peking University, Beijing100871, China; 2. Heilongjiang Meteorological Bureau, Harbin150030, China)  
The station data, including precipitation, air temperature and soil humidity are employed to investigate the arid climate trend for the past 50 years over northeastern China. "Atmospheric drought index" is proposed based on monthly mean temperature and precipitation anomalies as well as mean variance. The variations in the index and soil humidity show that the arid situation gets deteriorated throughout the northeastern China, this arid trend is more significant since the mid-1990s, especially in semi-arid area located in northeastern Inner Mongolia. Air temperature increase plays a more important role than precipitation decrease does in terms of the formation of drought. Although rainfall has slightly increased over the southern part of northeastern China in recent 50 years, arid trend remains to be developing, which is obviously associated with global warming. The responses of aridity developing over northeastern China to the global warming are explored using linear regression analyses. The results show that under circumstance of global temperature increase by 1 o C the aridity extent will rise 5-20%, its maximum will reach 22%.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G1999043405)~~
【CateGory Index】: P426.616
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