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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2004-02
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Spatial-temporal Changes of Sandy Desertified Land During Last 5 Decades in Northern China

WANG Tao1, WU Wei2, XUE Xian1, HAN Zhiwen1, ZHANG Weimin1, SUN Qingwei1(1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2. Department of Environmental Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)  
Sandy desertification is a major kind of land desertification in the world. According to our research and practice on land degradation in northern China for nearly 30 years, we define the sandy desertification is land degradation mainly resulted from the human impacts through wind erosion in the arid, semiarid and sub-humid regions in northern China. The results of monitoring, based on remote sensing and GIS, show that the total area of sandy desertified land was 38.57×104 km2 in 2000, of which the slight and potential lands were 13.93×104 km2, moderate land was 9.977×104 km2, severe and very severe lands were 7.909×104 km2 and 6.756×104 km2. The sandy desertified land is mainly distributes in the interlacing agro-pastoral region, grassland, semiarid rainfed cropland and oasis irrigated cropland regions. To compare the analytical results of remote sensing data in the late 1950s, 1975, 1987 and 2000, we summarize that the development of sandy desertified land in northern China had been accelerated for the last 5 decades, as its annual expanded rate was 1 560 km2 during the late 1950s and 1975, 2 100 km2 between 1975 and 1987 and 3 600 km2 from 1987 to 2000. The whole situation of sandy desertification comes to depravation and only part of it had been controlled. While most parts of regions had been suffered continually by the spread of sandy desertified land, some desertified areas in the interlacing agro-pastoral region and rainfed cropland region had been improved to be avail farmland and grassland resulted from favorable policy and patterns of landuse, which proved that the process of sandy desertified land could be managed when the fashion and intension of landuse come to be reasonable.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(TG2000048705)~~
【CateGory Index】: X171.1
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