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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2005-05
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Analysis of Urban Land Utilization Spatial Expansion Mechanism in Changchun City since 1900

KUANG Wenhui, ZHANG Shuwen, ZHANG Yangzhen, SHENG Yan(1. The Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS, Changchun 130012, China;2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;3. The Geographic Science Institute of Inner Mongolian Normal University, Huhhot 010022, China)  
This paper extracted urban boundary information in six periods of 1900, 1930,1954, 1976, 1990 and 2004 by integrating TM and SPOT images, relief maps, history mapsand other spatial data of the last 100 years. Based on spatial center of gravity transfer model,fractal model and urban land-population different speed rising model, urban land utilizationspatial expansion process and its mechanism for 100 years. The research results show thatChangchun urban land area was 5.05 km2 in 1900 and expanded 56.77 times of its area from1900 to 2004. Changchun urban land area expansion is the quickest from 1990 to 2004 with aspeed of 7.89 km2 annually. Then the expansion speed was 3.60 km2 every year from 1930 to1954. The slowest period was from 1900 to 1930 with a speed of 0.41 km2. Changchun urbanland utilization fractal character became more and more complicated with edge being filledmostly from 1976 to 1990. During other periods of time urban land utilization mainlyexpanded along edge area. Changchun urban population increased 87.57 times from 1900 to2004. Then per capita available urban land area gradually reduced from 1900 to 2004. Basedon urban land and population different speed rising model, the relationship betweenChangchun urban land and population was analyzed. The result indicated that Changchunurban land and population different speed rising models change irregularly because Changchunurban development and construction was affected by Japanese and Russia empire invasionsbefore 1948.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-SW-320-1)~~
【CateGory Index】: F293.2
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