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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2007-05
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Variations of δ~(18)O in Precipitation of the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin

LIU Zhongfang1,TIAN Lide1,2,YAO Tandong1,2,GONG Tongliang3,YIN Changliang2,YU Wusheng1 (1. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research,CAS,Beijing 100085,China; 2. Key Laboratory of Cryosphere and Environment,CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou 730000,China; 3. Institute of Tibetan Water Resource Reconnaissance and Designing,Lhasa 850000,China)  
The paper reveals the temporal and spatial variations of stable isotope in precipitation of the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin based on the variations of precipitation δ18O at four stations (Lazi,Nugesha,Yangcun and Nuxia) in 2005. The results show that the δ18O of precipitation has distinct seasonal variations in the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin. The maximum value of δ18O occurs in spring prior to monsoon precipitation,and the minimum value occurs during monsoon precipitation. From the spatial variations,with the "altitude effect" and rainout process during moisture transport along the Yarlung Zangbo River valley,18O of precipitation is gradually depleted. Thus δ18O of precipitation reduced gradually from the downstream to the upstream,and the lapse rate of δ18O in precipitation is approximately 0.34‰/100m and 0.7‰/100km due to the two reasons. During monsoon precipitation,spatial variations of δ18O in precipitation is dominated by "amount effect" in the large scale synoptic condition.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40121101;40671043;40571039);; 国家基础研究发展规划(2005CB422002);; 中国科学院重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-339)~~
【CateGory Index】: P426.6
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