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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2008-08
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Spatial Concentration Characteristics of Urban Land Use along Highways in Rapidly Urbanized Region of Shenzhen

LV Xiaofang1, 2, WANG Yanglin1, 2, PENG Jian1, WU Jiansheng2(1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;2. Shenzhen Graduate School of Peking University, The Key Laboratory for Environmental and Urban Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China)  
Land use and land cover change research needs to paid more attention to identify spatial characteristics. Spatial concentration characteristics of urban land use along highways, as an important economic corridor in rapidly urbanized region, are helpful to identify spatial pattern of economic activities and expanding rules of urban land use in the future. This paper analyzed the spatial concentration characteristics of urban land use pattern along highways in Shenzhen in 2005 by means of landscape pattern metrics and association rule of spatial data mining. The paper measured spatial statistical characters and neighborhood characteristics of urban land use pattern along main highways in three dimensions respectively, including single land use type, co-location land use types, and combined land use types. The results are as follows: Industrial area was the primary land use type along highways in Shenzhen. Export-oriented township enterprises accelerated the urbanization process of rural areas outside the special zone. The area of urban public facilities for education and medical treatment was comparatively small, which disturbed the harmony of urban economic functions generally. The landscape metrics of single land use type in all buffer belts presented particular distance-based character, and they also showed a gradually reducing trend. There were some semi-concentration centers, especially in the region 500-1000 meters away from highways, and this could be taken as an important spatial threshold for further research. Co-location distribution pattern showed that two different urban land use types are much closer in adjacent buffer belts near highways. Industrial areas are extremely concentrated in adjacent and much more long-distance buffer belts away from highways, and followed by the concentration of residential districts in the neighborhood. That phenomenon was extremely obvious outside the special zone in Shenzhen. Concerning spatial characteristics of combined land use types, this study indicated strong spatial autocorrelation of each urban land use type in the study area. The combinations of industrial area with other land use types were comparatively common, which reflected the spatial pattern of economic activities of main industrial areas in Shenzhen, especially outside the special zone, and presented the effects of local industrial cluster.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635028)~~
【CateGory Index】: TU984.113;P901
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