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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2009-04
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Comprehensive Evaluation and the Driving Factors of China's Urbanization

CHEN Mingxing1,2,LU Dadao1,ZHANG Hua3(1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;3.School of Geography,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)  
From the essential meaning of urbanization,this paper establishes a comprehensive evaluation index system,including four aspects changing:population,economy,society and land.Based on the method of entropy,the measure and evolution of China's urbanization are analyzed since 1981.The results show that China's comprehensive urbanization level continues improving.Economic growth and geographical landscape are the main features of rapid evolution of urbanization,followed by the population urbanization,and the medical care level of social urbanization is the least advanced.The evolution of all the four subsystems has unique characteristics.The analysis of multiple regression model shows that the driving factors have been diversified.The market force is the most powerful driving force of China's urbanization,followed by intrinsic force,administration force,exterior force.From different stages of urbanization,the effects of market force,exterior force and the administration force on urbanization are increasing,while intrinsic force is decreasing.China's urbanization is the main endogenous process,hence more policies should be formulated to strengthen the market economy reform and coordinate urban and rural development.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40871071;40771207)~~
【CateGory Index】: F299.2;F224
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