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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2013-06
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Evaluation of rural human settlement quality difference and its driving factors in tourism area of southern Anhui Province

YANG Xingzhu, WANG Qun (Research Center of Tourism Planning and Development, College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China)  
Rapid development of tourism has led to unprecedented changes in the economic, social and environmental conditions of tourism destinations. Under the background of the rapid tourismification, quality of rural human settlements is one of the manifestations of rural transformation development. By choosing the infrastructure, public service facilities, energy consumption structure, living conditions, and environmental sanitation as the evaluation factors, this study built an evaluation index system of the rural human settlement quality. Then, this paper presented an empirical analysis of rural human settlements in tourism area of southern Anhui Province, with the method of factor analysis, entropy method, and canonical correlation. Results show that the overall score of the quality presents "dual-core structure, the rise of central region and the collapse of the periphery" phenomenon. The infrastructure has the pattern of "triple-core structure and more dense than the south". The higher level spatial units are mainly located in Tunxi District, Qingyang County and northern part of the province. The public service facilities have the pattern of "dual-core structure". The mononuclear structure of energy consumption structure and living conditions were concentrated in Tunxi District. However, the core of environmental sanitation is mainly concentrated in Shexian and Ningguo counties. Meanwhile, a variety of influencing factors interact to determine quality of rural human settlements. The paper focused on natural environment, socio-economic development, tourism development, and regional culture. Based on the differences between their effective way and degree to quality of rural human settlements, these influencing factors are classified into positive and negative factors. Climatic conditions, poverty level and spatial distance have direct negative impact on quality of rural human settlements, while the remaining factors have direct positive impact. Natural environment and regional culture play a relatively stable role in rural human settlements evolution. Tourism development is a key driving force to generate the rural human settlement quality difference. Tourism development factors including the level of tourism economy, the endowment of tourism resources, tourism services and facilities, and tourism location, are able to significantly explain quality differences of rural human settlements. At the same time, the two sets of variables between influencing factors and evaluation factors have the typical mutually dependent and interacting relationship. The influencing factors have direct effects on the quality of rural human settlements, and generate the indirect effects on quality of rural human settlements by the evaluation factors.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社会科学研究项目(10YJC630339);; 国家自然科学基金项目(41101154;41230631;41201149)~~
【CateGory Index】: X821
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