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《ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA》 1994-S1
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THE ADVANCE AND ORIENTATION OF MOUNTAIN RESEARCH

Wu Jishan(The Branch Society of Mountain Research, Geographical Society of China, Beijing 100101)  
Montology is an integrated Subject Which researches on interrelation among the nature,economy and Society of the mountains. Since the beginning of history, human has had the record of mountain research. Nevertheless, montology, as an independent subject, can get rapid advance in the last 20 years. Therefore, it is a very ancient and fairly young subject.During the last 50 years, specially last 20 years, the economy has developed fast and the mountain resources have been exploited in a large amount, as well as the population in many mountain areas increased, with ecology degenerated and natural disasters aggravated. Hence,the researches on the formation and evalution of the mountains, the differentiation and structure of the mountain vertical zone, utiliztion of mountain resources and the patterns of economic development, etc, have been made new advances, as wel as researches on the ecologic crisis and its reasons on mountain, the mountain hazards and its control and the interrelation between the highland and lowland, etc. have obtained new results.According to the needs of the scientific developmentand economic increase. The orientation of mountain research are verifying and research on the relationship between the human activity and mountain ecology and environment are putting out the effective ways to coordinate and develop the economy, society and environment in the mountainous region. Based on the orientation, 7 research tasks are put forward. As a consequence, the mountains that bring up human will bring benefit to human forever.
【CateGory Index】: P931
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