Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA》 1995-S1
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

PERSPECTIVES ON GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM:ITS THEORY AND METHODOLOGY

Chenhu Zhou(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101)  
The people new to Geographical Information System (GIS) and even many who have been working in it for some time are unsure about its extent and content due to its nature of comparative recency, rapid rate of development and diversity of application. The first part of the paper aims to provide an overview of the origin,brief development history and appropriate definition of GIS, and the relationship with other disciplines and technologies related. Three main views are evident,namely, the map, database and spatial analysis views,from point of view of usage of GIS as scientific tool.It is understood that the development of GIS is driven and affected by the technology improvements and revolution, wide and diverse applications.The next part tries to explain how GIS is used to describe the geographical feature and space in digital way, and how different kinds of geographical data are organized into an integrated database, and what kinds of spatial analytical tools are fundamental to GIS, and how it is used in our problem solution. It is concluded that GIS provide us a new way to think about our earth and analyze the complex issues we meet.The last paragraph, the front topics on GIS, begins with discussion abut the three-dimensional and temporal GIS. The nature of the multi-dimension of geographical information needs us to develop a new generation of such a system. However we still have a long way to go before such an useful and powerful system comes out. Then author spends a few of words on the geographical information sciences and geo-informatics.Bases on this discussion it is said that GIS will become a basic public information system used by all over society.
【CateGory Index】: P90
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LI Jun 1,2 , ZHUANG Da fang 1 (1 Institute of Geography Sciences and Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101 China; 2 Institute of Remote Sensing Application, CAS, Beijing 100101 China);Theories and Systems of Geo-spatial Data Integration[J];Progress In Geography;2001-02
2 Zhou Chenghu Shao Quanqin (Institute of Geography, Chinese Acoiemt of Science, Beijing 100101);ON APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1997-S1
3 WANG Shao-gang1, SHI jin-feng1 ,WANG Yan-zhen1,2 (Department of Surveying Engineering,Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000,China);Based on GIS graph data format integration transformation engineering research[J];Journal of Liaoning Technical University;2005-S1
4 Ma Yanlin(Xinjiang Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences);ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GEO-INFORMATIONAL SYETEM AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE[J];ARID LAND GEOGRAPHY;1998-02
5 MIN An cheng, ZHENG Jin juan(Research Center for Arid and Semi arid Areas, Northwestern Agricultural University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China);Principle, uses and developing trends of GIS[J];AGRICULTURAL RESEACH IN THE ARID AREAS;1999-04
6 QIN Shangqian,WANG Dan,ZHANG Lulu.Graduate School t of Military Medical University,Shanghai,200433,China;Geographic Information System and the Position of GIS for Disaster Medical Rescue[J];Chinese Journal of Social Medicine;2009-05
7 XU Le, LIU Zhi qiang, ZHOU Fen (Urban & Environmental Dynamics and Geocomputation Laboratory, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China);Research and Establishment of GPS Traffic Monitoring System[J];Journal of Eastchina Normal University(Natural Science);2001-03
8 ZHANG Hua,ZHU Jian hua;A Study of Site-Selection of Hydraulic Engineering Based on 3D GIS[J];Hydrographic Surveying and Charting;2003-06
9 Xiong Liyan,Liu Zhihong (East China Communication University,Nanchang Jiangxi 330013,China);Application of 3G technology to logistical delivery in agile manufacturing system[J];;2004-09
10 QIAO Hui;Views on Geographic Information System——Approaching to GIS[J];Journal of Lingling University;2003-05
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 JU Rui-ting LI Yue-zhong YAN Wei XU Ying (Shanghai Research Institute of Landscape Gardening, Shanghai 200232, P.R.China);Application of GIS on Pest Risk Analysis[A];[C];2005
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 Chen Shupeng (Institute of Remote Sensing Application,Academia Sinica);GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM EXPLORATIN AND EXPERIMENTS[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;1983-04
2 Chen Shupeng (National Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Chinese Academy of Sciences);GEO-SYSTEM AND GEO-INFORMATION SYSTEM[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1991-01
3 He Jianbang, Zhong Ershun (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101);ON GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND ITS STANDING ROLE IN GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1993-01
4 Wu Bingfeng;Zhang Mingjin;Li Xingong(The committee of Cartography and Geographical Information Systems,Geographical Society of Chiha, Beijing 100101);DEVELOPMENT OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM[J];ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA;1994-S1
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 SHAO Si-yang et al (Department of Geography Information Science,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093);Study on Decision Support System for Regionalization of Regional Development Based on GIS[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-32
2 SU Ying-chun et al(Key Laboratory of Eco-environments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region of Ministry of Education,School of Geographic Science,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715);Formation and Development of Geomatics[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-34
3 CHU Ye-feng(College of Computer Science and Technology,Changchun University,Changchun 130022,China);A review of development process and trend of GIS[J];Journal of Changchun University;2008-12
4 GAO Jianxin;GIS Spatial Relationship[J];Standardization for Surveying and Mapping;2006-04
5 ZHAO Fang-fang1,ZHANG Jun2(1.School of Geomatics,Liaoning Technology University,Fuxin 123000,China;2.Chinese Academy of Surveying & Mapping,Beijing 100039,China);Analysis on multi-scale spatial data index structure[J];Engineering of Surveying and Mapping;2008-02
6 LIAO Ke(Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS,Beijing 100101,China);Geo-information Science and Its Application in the 21th Century[J];Developments In Surveying and Mapping;2001-02
7 HUANG Menglong,HU Peng(School of Resource & Environment Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079 , China );An improved method of building up grid spatial index cons trucfion[J];Science of Surveying and Mapping;2004-06
8 GAO Jianxin Library of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China, 430079;Evolvement of GIS spatial Data Research[J];Science and Technology Information of Surveying and Mapping;2006-01
9 Yu Peng 1 Zhang Hu 2 Zhao Yong 1 (1 National Center for Fundamental Geographic Information, Beijing 100044, China; 2 China Mining University at Beijing, Beijing 100083, China);An Approach to the Category of Geomatics Industry[J];Research Soft-Science of Surveying and Mapping;2001-04
10 Chen Jun (National Geomatics Center of China, Beijing 100044,China);Directions of GIS Development in China:An Overview[J];Research Soft-Science of Surveying and Mapping;2003-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 ZHANG Li-chao1,Pan Zhen1,WANG Ke-ke1,WANG Qing-shan1,ZHENG Hai-ying1,ZHANG Shi-quan1 (1.Institute of Surveying and Mapping, Information Engineering University, Zheng zhou 450052;2.First the Management Committee High&New Technology Industrial Development Zone of Zhengzhou , 450001 );Research on the System Architecture of the Earth Space Information Science[A];[C];2008
2 ZHANG Lichao1,Pan Zhen2,WANG Keke1,WANG Qingshan1, ZHENG Haiying1,ZHANG Shiquan1 (1. Institute of Surveying and Mapping, Information Engineering University, Zheng zhou 450052;2.First the Management Committee High&New Technology Industrial Development Zone of Zhengzhou , 450001 );Research on the System Architecture of the Earth Space Information Science[A];[C];2008
3 LI Manchun, DAI Weiwei, ZHAO Yong (Dept of Urban & Resources Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China);Research on the Diathesis, Knowledge Structure and Education Programme of GIS Professional[A];[C];2004
4 Chen Shuo (Fuzhou Planning Design & Research Institute Fuzhou 350003;;Study on The Fire Control Virtual Reality Geographic Information System of High-rise Building[A];[C];2005
5 Luo Huoqian (Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350007);undergraduate students viewing on GIS education[A];[C];2009
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 TANG Long-ying,HU Lai-lin (ChiZhou Normal College of Anhui,GuiChi 247100,China);The Technique of VC++ Accessing SQL Server by DB-library[J];JOURNAL OF ANHUI UNIVERSITY(NATURAL SCIENCES);2000-01
2 XIE Bing\|geng,\ LI Xiao\|qing,\ LU Hui\|hong,\ HE Qu\|fu (College of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Hunan Changsha 410081, China);Synthetic Assessment of Eco-environment in the West of Hunan Province Based on Quantitative Grid Data[J];Journal of Glaciolgy and Geocryology;2002-04
3 Zhu Ling (Surveying and Mapping Engineering Department,Beijing Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture,No.1,Zhanlan Road,Haidian District,Beijing,100044,China);Properties of ArcGIS9 and Experience of Using ArcObjects Controls[J];Beijing Surveying and Mapping;2004-01
4 WANG Zaiwen\ LI Xiaodong (The Geophysics Department of Peking University,100871);The Spatio-Temporal Evolvement of Pacific SSTA[J];Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis;2002-03
5 Wu Gang; Lu Zeyang; Lü Hongli.School of Information Science and Technology, Beijing For. Univ., 100083, P.R.China.;Information infrastructure for forest resource management.[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2001-03
6 Lü Hongli;Wu Gang;Lu Zeyang.School of Information Science and Technology,Beijing For.Univ.,100083,P.R.China;Development of a forest resource spacial information system based MAPINFO.[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2001-03
7 LI Zhong feng (Dept.Tourism & Environment,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi'an 710062,Shaanxi,China);Development and design research of UGIS[J];Journal of Baoji College of Arts and Science(Natural Science Edition);2001-03
8 ZHAO Yan-chang, XIE Fan, SONG Jun-de (Electronic Engineering School, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China);DILC: A Clustering Algorithm Based on Density-isoline[J];Journal of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications;2002-02
9 ZHAO Yanchang,SONG Mei,XIE Fan,SONG Junde (Electronic Engineering School, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China);Clustering Datasets Containing Clusters of Various Densities[J];Journal of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications;2003-02
10 Li Xiaoying 1) Peng Wanglu 2) Cao Tong 3) ( 1) Department of Resource & Environmental science, Beijing Normal University,100875, Beijing, China; 2)Information Science College, Beijing Normal University, 100875, Beijing, China; 3)Applie;A STUDY ON THE BEST COMBINATION OF MARKOV METHOD AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS WITH TIME-SERIES DATA OF REMOTE SENSING[J];Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science);2002-05
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Li Wang-xing, Liu Ye-xiang, Yin Zhong-lin (1.Zhengzhou Research Institute, China Aluminum Co., Zhengzhou, Henan 450041; 2.Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410083);Opportunities and Challenges Facing Chinas Alumina Industry[A];[C];2003
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LIANG Chun-li et al(Graduate School,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan,Hubei 430074);Study on Remote Sensing and Airborne Survey Information Integration Model in Sandstone Type Uranium Deposit[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2007-23
2 Ma Junchi~1 Zhao Wendong~2 (Chuzhou Broadcast-TV Office Huai'an 223200)1 (Huaiyin Institute of Techlonogy Huai'an 223001)2;Design and Implementation for the Underground Pipeline Information System Based on GIS[J];Office Informatization;2009-08
3 FENG Zhong-ke;YAO Shan;HAO Xing-yao;LI Ya-dong.Institute of GIS,RS & GPS,Beijing Forestry University,100083,P.R.China.;Design thoughts,functions and application foreground of F-star──GIS platform for forestry farms.[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2005-S2
4 HUANG Zuo-wei,ZHANG Xi-mei(College of Computer and Communitation Hunan University of Technology,Zhuzhou Hunan 412000,China);Research on Logistics Distribution System Based on GIS[J];Journal of Jiangxi Normal University(Natural Sciences Edition);2009-01
5 LONG Qian,ZHOU Xin-zhi (Institute of Intelligent Control,SCU,Chengdu 610064,China);Study of Web application using ArcGIS Server[J];Journal of Chengdu University of Information Technology;2007-06
6 WANG Tao(Heilongjiang Engineering Institute of Geographical Informatin,Harbin150086,China);How to query and renew the GIS attribute data in ArcView 3.0[J];Engineering of Surveying and Mapping;2003-03
7 XU Han-wei,MAO De-zhu,HE Jiang(State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resourees and Hydraulic Engineering,Hehai University,Nanjing?210098,China);Research on 3D GIS development technology based on ArcEngine[J];Engineering of Surveying and Mapping;2006-06
8 JI Min①,JIN Feng-xiang①,LI Yun-ling①,SHAO Quan-qin②(①College of Geo-info Science and Engg.,SUST,Taian 271019;②LREIS,Institute of Geographic Science & Resource Research,CAS,BeiJing 100101);The study of dynamic monitor system of deep sea fishing vessels[J];Science of Surveying and Mapping;2005-05
9 HU Shengwu~ ①② ,YUAN Zhanliang~②,Wang Xinzhou~ ① ,TAO Benzao~① (①School of Geodesy and Geomatics,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430079,China;②Dept.Surveying Eng.Of Henan Polytechnic University, Henan Jiaozuo 454100,China);GIS product reliability based on fuzzy fault tree[J];Science of Surveying and Mapping;2006-01
10 TONG Xiaochong, BEN Jin ,ZHANG Yongsheng(Institute of Surveying and Mapping, Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou 450052, China);Design and quick display of global multi-resolution spatial data model[J];Science of Surveying and Mapping;2006-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 YAO Wen-jiang~1 LI Feng~2 SHANG Pei-ying~1 (1.Geological Survey of Jiangsu Province,Nanjing 210018,China; 2.Jiangsu Land and Resources Information Center,Nanjing 210029,China);Information service system of the accomplished geological work in Jiangsu Province[A];[C];2005
2 Chen Lily~(1,2) Zhou Guoxiang~1 Yang Youchang~2 1 Hefei University of Technology,Hefei,230009,China 2 Provincial Fundamental Geomatic center of Anhui,Hefei,230031,China;Study and Design for the Land Use Database Based on GIS[A];[C];2008
3 Yang Xiaoqi, Quan Bin, Cai Lifan, Tang Chengfeng, Ming Jie, zheng Chufei (College of Sciences, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, China; Center of Soil and Water Conservation and Eco-environment Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yangling 712100, China; Fuzhou Strongsoft Development co., Ltd, Fuzhou 350001. China);Development and Research of Forest Resource Management Information System based on WEBGIS[A];[C];2004
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Chun-fen Lee (Department of Geography, East China Normal University);RECENT DEVELOPMENTS OF GEOGRAPHY AS AGAINST ITS TRADITIONS[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1982-01
2 He Jianbang, Zhong Ershun (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101);ON GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND ITS STANDING ROLE IN GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCE[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1993-01
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved