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Huang Guangqing(Department of Earth Sciences,The University of Hong Kong, Hong KongGuangzhou Institute of Geography,Guangzhou 510070)  
Shell mound and sand dune are wto typical patterns of Neolithic cultural sites on the Zhujiangdelta which belongs to the zone of ancient fishing culture along the coast of South China.Shellmound is heaped with a large quantity of mollusk shells and some archaeological deposits includingpottery,Stone artifacts.Three types of shell mound have been recognized in terms of the differenceof mollusk assemblage:fresh,brackish and marine,associated with riverine environment,estuarineenvironment and marine environment respectively.Sand dune (an archeological term used in SouthChina),a sand body containing archaeological deposits,is mostly characterized by beach or coastalaeolian sand,associated with coastal environment which is directly affected by the sea,particularlythe delat-front islands.Many archaeological evidences have shown that fishing played a significanteconomic role in the living of ancient inhabitants.Such an ancient fishing economy was closely related to the paleogeographic environment,particularly the water resources.Numerous data haveshown that the ancient people began to immigrate into the Zhujiang delta around 6 000aBP whenthe sea-level rose to the present position.At that time,the delta basin was mostly submerged bymarine transgression,forming a huge ancient embayment providing an abundance of fishery resources for the ancient people.A particular fishing culture was formed on the Zhujiang delta.Sealevel rise and marine transgression seems to be an imPortant factor in the origin and development ofthe Neolithic culture on the Zhujiang delta.The declination of the Neolithic culture was most likelyto be caused by low sea-level and marine regression.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助 广东省自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: P531
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