Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Geographica Sinica》 1997-04
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update


Feng Ping (Dept. Water Resource and Harbor Engineering, Tianjin University, Taijing,300170) Feng Yan (Commission of Haihe River, Tianjin,300170)  
The application of fractal theory has been largely developed since it was used in geography and hydrology in 1980's. In this paper, the fractal dimensions of stream length and river network are investigated by two methods of box counting and stream order law, and the fractal features of some main rivers in the Haihe River basin are practically estimated. The following conclusions were obtained through analysis. (1) It is feasible to study the fractal dimension of river morphology by two methods of box counting and stream order law. The accuracy of box counting is higher because the method uses the basic definition of fractal dimentsion, but its calculating work is very large, especailly for the fractal dimension of river network. The method of Horton's stream order law can also provide the fractal imension by river system parameters. This indirctly shows that horton's stream order law can reprent some basic characteristics of rivers. (2) The value of fractal dimension can be used as the index of river morphology becuase stream length and river network have the obvious fractal feature. The fractal dimension shows the complex of river morphology, and has the property of scale invariant. Therefore, the problem of calculation river morphology under different ratio scale can be resolved by the fractal dimension, and it is helpful to understand the evolution process of river morphology. (3) The fractal dimensions of stream length in Haihe River baisn vary from 1.01 to 1.14, and its mean value is 1.10. The fractal dimensions of Lanhe River and Daqing River are larger because their stream channels are zigzag. On the constrary, the fractal dimension of Rongding River is the smallest for its smooth stream channel. The fractal dimensions of river network vary from 1.50 to 1.69, and that of Zhiya River is the largest because it has many branch rivers. The mean fractal dimension of Haihe River system is 1.57, and this value accords with La Barbera and Rossos's (1989) statistical data that the fractal dimensions of river network are from 1.6 to 1.7. This result shows that Haihe River system is roughly a standard river basin.
【CateGory Index】: TV212.51
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 DU\ Guoyun (Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University,Beijing,100871);Statistical Analysis of the River Networks on Neotectonic Divergency of East and West Parts in Jiaodong Peninsula[J];Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis;2001-03
2 Wang Xiuchun Wu Shan Bi Xiaoli Ge Jianping (College Of Life Science, Beijing Normal University, 100875, Beijing, China);FRACTAL DIMENSIONS OF JINGHE RIVER CHANNELS AND ECOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE[J];Journal of Beijing Normal University(Natural Science);2004-03
3 YUAN Wen, YANG Kai,XU Qi-xin (School of Resources and Environment, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China);EFFECT OF URBANIZATION ON GROWTH OF SHANGHAI RIVER FUNCTION AND STREAM STRUCTURE[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2005-02
4 MA Zong-wei1,2,XU You-peng2,ZHONG Shan-jin1(1.Environmental Protection Research Academy of Guangxi,Nanning 530022,China;2.School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences,Nanjing Universtity,Nanjing 210093,China);INFLUENCE OF RIVER NETWORK FRACTAL CHARACTERISTIC ON RUNOFF——CASE STUDY IN THE BASIN OF UPPER AND MIDDLE COURSES OF GAN RIVER[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2009-02
5 DU Guoyun, WANG Qing and SUN Zhuyou (Geography and Resource Management College of Ludong University, Yantai, SD 264025, China);RESEARCH ON NEOTECTONIC DIFFERENTIATION OF GEO-INFORMATION IN SHANDONG PENINSULA[J];Geotectonica Et Metallogenia;2006-01
6 HE Gang,CAI Yun-Long(Department of Resources,Environmental Geosciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871);Comparative Study on Fractal Dimensions of River Basins in China at Different Map Scales[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2006-04
7 CHENG Jiang,YANG Kai,ZHAO Jun,YUAN Wen,WU Jian-Ping(Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration,School of Resources and Environmental Sciences,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China);Variation of River System in Center District of Shanghai and Its Impact Factors During the Last One Hundred Years[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2007-01
8 YUAN Wen,YANG Kai,WU Jian-Ping (School of Environment and Resources of East China Normal University,Key Lab of Geo-information Science of Ministry of Education,Shanghai 200062);River Structure Characteristics and Classification System in River Network Plain During the Course of Urbanization[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2007-03
9 JIN De sheng, CHEN Hao, GUO Qing wu (Institute of Geographical Sciences & Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101, China);An Experimental Study on Influence of Materiel Component to Non-linear Relation between Sediment Yield and Drainage Network Development[J];ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA;2000-04
10 YANG Kai, YUAN Wen, ZHAO Jun, XU Shiyuan(School of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Key Lab of Geographical Information of Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China);Stream Structure Characteristics and Its Urbanization Responses to Tidal River System[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2004-04
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Si-mei1,WU Yi-feng2(Department of municipal engineering,Anhui Technical College of Water Resources and Hydroelectric Power,Hefei 230601,China;2.Department of Environmental Engineering,Southeast University,Nanjing 230601,China);Study on Evolvement Regularity of River's Ammonia Based on Mulriple Fractal Theory[J];Journal of Anhui Institute of Architecture & Industry(Natural Science);2007-06
2 CHEN Yanguang ZHOU Yixing (Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University, Beijing, 100871);A Study of Multifractal Measures of the Spatial Structureof the Urban System in Central Plains[J];Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis;2001-06
3 YU Hailong~(1),2)) WU Lun~(1)) LIN Xing~(1)) QIN Shi~(1)) Zhang Ming~(3))(()~(1)) Institute of Remote Sensing and GIS ,Peking University ,Beijing, 100871;()~(2)) College of information, Shanghai Fisheries University, Shanghai, 200090;()~(3)) Digital China Research Institute of Peking University ,Beijing, 100871);Design and Implementation of MCGE Issue's Calculation Based on Webservice[J];Acta Scicentiarum Naturalum Universitis Pekinesis;2005-06
4 LI Zhao-yang,TANG Jie,SUN Ping-an,LIN Nian-fengCollege of Environment and Resources,Jilin University,Changchun130026,China;Fractal Research on Dynamic Change of Land Resources in Southwest of Songnen Plain[J];Journal of Jilin University(Earth Science Edition);2006-02
5 SUN Zhu-you, DU Guo-yun, LI De-yi, YANG Hua, LIU Jun-ju(Geography and Resource Management College of Ludong University, Yantai 264025);The fractal research of river channels in the eastern coast of Laizhou Bay based on GIS[J];Science of Surveying and Mapping;2007-03
6 YANG Qin-ke1,2,ZHAO Mu-dan1,LIU Yong-mei1,WANG Lei1,LI Rui2(1.Northwest University,Xi'an 710069,China;2.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Yangling 712100,China);Application of DEMs in Regional Soil Erosion Modeling[J];Geomatics World;2009-01
7 ZHANG Niansheng 1,2(1 School of Resource and Environment Science,Wuhan University,129 Luoyu Road,Wuhan 430079,China;2 Hunan Map Publishing House,693 Middle shaoshan Road,Changsha 410007,China);REPRESENT OF SPATIAL RELATION OF TREE-LIKE RIVER BASED ON GRAPH[J];Journal of Geomatics;2009-03
8 CHEN La-jiao,FENG Li-hua(College of Tourism and Resources Management,Zhejiang Normal University,Jinhua,Zhejiang 321004,China);Study on Calculation Method of Daily Stream Flow Fractal Dimension Based on AutoCAD[J];Journal of Yangtze River Scientific Research Institute;2006-06
9 YUAN Wen, YANG Kai,XU Qi-xin (School of Resources and Environment, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China);EFFECT OF URBANIZATION ON GROWTH OF SHANGHAI RIVER FUNCTION AND STREAM STRUCTURE[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2005-02
10 TANG Jiang~1,DENG Fu-ying~2,LI Zhai-hui~1,LI Lun-jiong~2 (1.Institute of Earth Sciences,Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China;2. Geological Party of Southeastern Sichuan, Chongqing General Corporation of Geology and Mineral, Chongqing,400033,China);Neotectonism of Wulong-Fuling in Wujiang drainage basin[J];Journal of Chongqing Jiaotong University;2005-02
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved