Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Geographica Sinica》 1997-05
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

STUDIES ON THE CONTROL OF SOIL WATER PROFILE AND ROOT DISTRIBUTION

Feng Guanglong Liu Changming (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101)  
There are feedback interrelationships between shoot and root, namely shoot growth and development could be controlled by root growth and distribution which can be also adjusted by soil moisture distribution in soil profile. In order to determine an optimum irrigation method for controlling water distribution with depths which could adjust effectively root growth and distribution in soil profile, the field experiment with four treatments of irrigation application depth and frequency (once irrigation, the same amount of water was irrigated by 1,2 and 3 times, respectively) were conducted from 1995 ̄1996 at Luancheng Experimental Station of Agricultural Ecosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, which located in the North China Plain. Under different irrigation conditions, shoot growth, grain yield, root growth and distribution, soil water extraction patterns, consumptive water use, and water use efficiency (WUE) were investigated in detail. The more soil water content, the higher the rooting density, the density was reduced by decreased soil moisture content. Root length density was much more in the deeper layer due to soil water stress on the top of layer, meanwhile, more amount of soil water was depleted. Soil water extraction patterns were correlated to rooting distributions. Under frequent, light irrigation treatment (I3), soil moisture content and extraction efficiency were higher at 0 cm ̄30 cm layer in which 61% total root length density was observed, 74% total amount of water was consumed from the layer, the proportion of soil evaporation to evapotranspiration was 28% which was only 4% greater than the conventional irrigation (I1). Grain yield and WUE were improved separately by 17% and 11% in comparison with I1 treatment. Under I1 and rainfed treatment (CK), 37% and 30% total amount of root distributed in 50 cm ̄100 cm depth of soil from which 22% and 29% total amount of water were extracted, respectively. The crop achieved its maximum LAI and dry matter of stem and leaf at flowering stage, the rate of root elongation is the highest over growing season in the period (0.2 cm/cm 3·d ̄0.25 cm/cm 3·d). Average the maximum evapotranspiration rate (5.5 mm/d, 4.6 mm/d) and transpiration rate (4.6 mm/d, 3.3 mm/d) of all irrigation treatments occurred in flowering and filling stages. Otherwise, the average rate of soil evaporation is 1.3 mm/d during jointing stage which is the highest rate from jointing to maturing.
【Fund】: 国家重大自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S152.7
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
1 DING Xiao-Qing;FAN Zi-Han;SHEN Yi-Xin;College of Grassland Science,Nanjing Agricultural University;;Effect of water stress on root growth of alfalfa seedlings and on nitrogen-and phosphorus-use efficiencies after water stress[J];草业学报;2017-05
2 Zhou Shiwei;Hu Xiaotao;Wang Wen'e;Zhang Yajun;Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid and Semiarid Areas of Ministry of Education, Northwest A&F University;;Water-saving and stable yield effects of regulation on soil wetted depth in different growth stage of spring maize[J];农业工程学报;2016-21
3 ZHOU Shi-wei;HU Xiao-tao;WANG Wen-e;ZHANG Ya-jun;Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid and Semiarid Areas of Ministry of Education,Northwest A & F University;;Effect of Vertical Control of Root Zone Soil Moisture on Water Use of Spring Wheat[J];中国农村水利水电;2016-09
4 HUANG Jie;SUN Xi-huan;MA Juan-juan;GUO Xiang-hong;DI Nan;College of Water Resource Science and Engineering,Taiyuan University of Technology;Shanxi Conservancy Technical College;;Effects of Different Irrigation Depth on Growth and Production of Winter Wheat[J];节水灌溉;2016-07
5 Yang Kai;Hao Fengzhen;Xu Haihong;Guo Xianghong;Zhang Pengfei;Pomology Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences;College of Water Science and Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology;College of Horticultural Science, Shanxi Agricultural University;;Research Progress of the Root Distribution[J];中国农学通报;2015-22
6 FAN Feng-cui et al(Agricultural Information and Economic Research Institute,Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences,Shijiazhuang,Hebei 050051);Root Characteristics of Cucumber and Its Response with Soil-Moisture in Greenhouse[J];安徽农业科学;2013-11
7 LIAN Cai-yun1,MA Zhong-ming2,LV Xiao-dong1,CAO Shi-yu1(1.Institute of Soil,Fertilizer and Water-saving Agriculture of Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Lanzhou 730070,China; 2.Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Lanzhou 730070,China);Research on Main Crops Water Requirement and Crop Coefficient in Oasis Irrigation Region[J];灌溉排水学报;2012-05
8 HUA Yuangang,LUO Wei,LIN Zhaomu,CHA Zhengzao,LIN Qinghuo,CHEN Qiubo Rubber Research Institute,CATAS,Danzhou,Hainan 571737,China;Coupling Effects of Water and Fertilizer on Vertical Distribution Characteristics of Fine Roots of Hevea brasiliensis[J];热带作物学报;2012-08
9 FAN Feng-cui1,ZHANG Li-feng2,LI Zhi-hong1*,LIU Sheng-yao2,SHI Yu-fang1,JIA Jian-ming1(1.Institute of Agricultural Information and Economy,Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences,Shijiazhuang 050051,China;2.College of Agronomy,Agricultural University of Hebei,Baoding 071001,China);Response of Root Distribution of Tomato to Different Irrigation Methods in Greenhouse[J];河北农业科学;2012-08
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 LUO Hong-hai ,ZHU Jian-jun ,XIA Hui,ZHANG Wang-feng ,GOU Ling ,ZHAO Rui-hai ( Shehezi University of Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology Agriculture of Xinjiang Bingtuan,Shihezi 832003, China; Xinjiang Institute for Policy of Science and Technology, Urumki 831100,Chia );Effect of Water around Root Zone on Dry Mater Production and Water Efficiency of Cotton under-mulch-drip Irrigation[A];[C];2006
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhou Shiwei;Hu Xiaotao;Wang Wen'e;Allan A.Andales;Zhang Yajun;Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid and Semiarid Areas of Ministry of Education, Northwest A & F University;Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Colorado State University;;Optimization of irrigation schedule based on RZWQM model for spring wheat in Shiyang River Basin[J];农业工程学报;2016-06
2 HOU Qiong;LI Jianjun;WANG Haimei;YUN Wenli;Inner Mongolia Meteorological Institute;Linhe Astronomical Observatory,Bayannur Meteorological Bureau;;Dynamic Indexes of Water-saving Irrigation Based on Maize Growth Characteristics[J];灌溉排水学报;2015-06
3 HUANG Cai-Xia;CHAI Shou-Xi;ZHAO De-Ming;KANG Yan-Xia;Agronomy College, Gansu Agricultural University, Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Aridland Crop Science;The Engineering College,Gansu Agricultural University;Gansu Government Project Approval Center;The Engineering College, Gansu Agricultural University;;Effects of irrigation on accumulation and distribution of dry matter and grain yield in winter wheat in arid regions of China[J];植物生态学报;2014-12
4 LIAO Rong-wei;LIU Jing-miao;BAI Yue-ming;AN Shun-qing;LIANG Hong;LU Jian-li;LE Zhang-yan;CAO Yu-jing;National Meteorological Information Center;Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences;Institute of Atmospheric Environment,China Meteorlogical Administration;Meteorological Observation Centre,China Meteorological Adminstration;Meteorological Service of Hebei Province;Langfang Meteorological Service;Engineering Consulting Center,China Meteorological Adminstration;;Spatial distribution of winter wheat root in soil under field condition in North China plain[J];气象与环境学报;2014-05
5 LI Xia;College of Ecology and Garden Architecture,Dezhou University;;Research Progress of Effect of Irrigation on Root and Yield of Crops[J];生物灾害科学;2014-02
6 DANG Genyou;WEI Yiqin;SHEN Qiangyun;YANG Wenjun;LIU Wangqing;LI Hongxia;FANG Liang;QIU Min;ZHANG Shuangxi;FAN Ming;Crop Research Institute of Ningxia Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences;Yongning Bureau of Meteorology;;Effect of Irrigation Times on Water Consumption Characteristics and Grain Yield in Spring Wheat[J];西北农业学报;2014-06
7 WANG Dan;HE Feng;XIE Kai-yun;WAN Li-qiang;LI Xiang-lin;Institute of Animal Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;;Effects of nitrogen application on alfalfa plant growth and soil nitrogen content[J];草业科学;2013-10
8 Liu Xiaoli 1 Wang Youke 2,3 Ma Lihui 2,3 Liang Yu 4(1.College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China 2.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China 3.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,CAS&MWR,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China 4.College of Natural Resources and Environment,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China);Relationship between Deep Soil Water Vertical Variation and Root Distribution in Dense Jujube Plantation[J];农业机械学报;2013-07
9 WANG Chen-bing1,ZHAO Xiu-mei1,CHANG Yi2,LI Yan-jun2,LI Kuan-ying1,CHEN Jian-jun1,WANG Fa-lin1(1.Institute of Fruit and Floriculture Research,Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Lanzhou Gansu 730070,China;2.Qinan County Fruit Industry Bureau of Gansu Province,Qinan Gansu 741600,China);Effect of Soil Moisture Conservation Rainfull Collection in Ridge Film on Peach Roots Distribution of Dryland[J];甘肃农业科技;2013-06
10 WU Tianzhong,GUAN Wenke,XU Na and HAINIKEN·Shantai(Xinjiang Forestry Academy of Sciences,Urumqi 830000,China);Red Jujube Root Distribution in Gebi Desert Gravel Soil under Drip Irrigation Condition[J];西北农业学报;2013-03
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LING Juncheng;Forestry Work Station of Tianzhu County;;Comparison of applying effects of two irrigating equipments in saving water irrigation of grape[J];经济林研究;2017-04
2 JIN Linxue;LI Yunpeng;LI Dan;YAN Weixiong;WU Xiangdong;Center of Ecology and Agricultural Meteorology of Inner Mongolia;;Suitability analysis of key potato growth stages in Inner Mongolia under climate change[J];中国生态农业学报;2018-01
3 CHEN Qing;ZHOU Jun;YAO Xingcheng;CHEN Xianhong;WANG Jun;Rubber Research Institute,CATAS;Danzhou Investigation & Experiment Station of Tropical Crops, Ministry of Agriculture;;Effect of Different Culture Media on Growth of Budded Plants of Rubber Tree[J];热带农业科学;2017-08
4 JIA Song-nan;FAN Feng-cui;LIU Sheng-yao;LI Zhi-hong;ZHAO Nan;ZHANG Zhe;DU Feng-huan;JIA Jian-ming;QIN Yong;Xinjiang Agricultural University;Agricultural Information and Economic Research Institute,Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences;;The Effect of Drip Irrigation on Growth and Quality of Tomato in Greenhouse[J];节水灌溉;2017-07
5 Yuanyuan WANG;Zhenghui XIE;Binghao JIA;State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics,Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;;Incorporation of a Dynamic Root Distribution into CLM4.5: Evaluation of Carbon and Water Fluxes over the Amazon[J];Advances in Atmospheric Sciences;2016-09
6 Hou Qiong;Wang Haimei;Yun Wenli;Li Jianjun;Ecological and Agricultural Meteorological Center of Inner Mongolia;Bayannur Agricultural Meteorological Station of Inner Mongolia;;Experimental Study on Crop Coefficient of Spring Maize in Hetao Irrigation District of Inner Mongolia[J];应用气象学报;2016-04
7 ZHENG Luqian;TAN Minghong;Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences;Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;;A Comparative Study of Water Use Efficiency of Different Crops in the Middle Reaches of Heihe River and Its Implications for Planting Structure Adjustment[J];地球信息科学学报;2016-07
8 GUO Jing-hua;DONG Ling-di;JIAO Yong-gang;SHI Lin-qi;Institute of Cash Crops, Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences;;Effect of Different Water Contents of Substrates on Summer Tomatoes Hole Tray Seedling Quality[J];河北农业科学;2016-02
9 DING Hong;ZHANG Zhi-meng;DAI Liang-xiang;KANG Tao;QIN Fei-fei;CI Dun-wei;SONG Wen-wu;Shandong Peanut Research Institute;Taian Academy of Agricultural Sciences;;Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer on Peanut Root Growth and Yield under Different Water Conditions[J];花生学报;2016-01
10 CHEN Qiu-fan;CHEN Jing-song;DAI Xing-mei;FAN Xin;WEI Xian-liang;PENG Er-rui;College of Water Conservancy,Yunnan Agricultural University;;Research on Crop Coefficient and Water Requirement Rural of Potato Sowed in Spring in Yunnan[J];湖北农业科学;2016-03
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved