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《ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA》 1997-06
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BASIC FEATURES AND TRENDS OF THE ECONOMIC BASE OF BEIJING

Yang Kaizhong (Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing\ 100871)  
In China, systematic studies on economic base of a single city is very weak. Based on the 1990 census and relevant statistics during 1991~1994, this paper is designed to study Beijing economic base systematically by comparing with those of Shanghai and Tianjin. The major conclusions include: (1) Beijing is not only the national political and cultural center but also the national economic center. The latter is reflected in the national centers of commercial service, external economy typed and knowledge intensive manufacturing industry with lower input of water and less environmental pollution, and it suits the need of the political and cultural center. (2) Although the industry with higher input of water and/or serious environmental pollution just are economic bases based on regional market, but this situation is not rational relative to Beijing's natural endowment of water and environmental resources. (3) Beijing's economic base of industry is smaller, more regional market based, and the economic base of service is more diverse, larger and more super regional market based than the Shanghai' and Tianjin's. (4) With the development of socialist market economy and implement of sustatinable development, the external economy typed and knowledge intensive manufacturing industry with lower input of water and less environmental pollution, and information intensive service industries will tend to concentrate further, and the industry with higher input of water and/or severe environmental pollution will tend to decentralize.
【CateGory Index】: F29(1)
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Guan Haoming;Zhang Pingyu;Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;;Empirical Test on the Relationship Between Urban Basic-Nonbasic Economic Activities in China Based on the Theory of Economic Base[J];地理科学;2016-12
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Yang Kaizhong (Department of Geography, Peking University);GENERAL THEORIES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT[J];中国人口.资源与环境;1994-02
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 YANG Kai-zhong 1,XU Feng 1,QUAN Xiao-hong 2 (1 Urban and Environmental Department, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2 University of California, Berkeley CA, USA);STUDY ON THE CONNOTATION, PRINCIPLE AND DEVELOPMENT OF ECOTOURISM CONCEPT[J];人文地理;2001-04
2 Yang Kaizhong (Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing\ 100871);BASIC FEATURES AND TRENDS OF THE ECONOMIC BASE OF BEIJING[J];地理学报;1997-06
【Co-references】
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1 PAN Yu-juan,CAO Xiao-shu(The School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275,Guangdong,China);BASIC-NONBASIC ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF CITY LOGISTICS INDUSTRY:A CASE STUDY OF GUANGZHOU[J];经济地理;2011-09
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3 WANG Chengjin(Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling,Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China);Identification of Inter-urban Container Transport Hubs and Their Spatial Characteristics:A Case Study of Railway Transportation in China[J];地理学报;2010-10
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5 Guan Haoming;Zhang Pingyu;Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;;Empirical Test on the Relationship Between Urban Basic-Nonbasic Economic Activities in China Based on the Theory of Economic Base[J];地理科学;2016-12
6 ZHAO Yan-nan;YANG Degang;ZHANG Xin-huan;XIONG Chuan-he;Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,CAS;University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences;;Spatial distribution characteristics and hot zone patterns of lodging industry in Urumqi[J];干旱区地理;2016-05
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