A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON REGIONAL SYSTEM OF WU CULTURE
Qian Zhi (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101)
Wu Culture is one of the Chinese regional cultures. The Wu Culture Region is the most developed area with a galaxy of talent and plenty of capital in China. Wu Culture is so called here generalized culture with time from ancient to now, and it covers the whole Changjiang Delta district. The chronological order of Wu Cultural consists of Ancient Wu Culture, Wu State Culture and Backward Wu Culture. Tai Lake is the centre of Wu Cultural Region. Wu Culture Region is composed of Shanghai, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, Zhenjiang, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Jiaxing, Huzhou, and Yangzhou, Nantong. As early as in the Stone Age, Wu area has been possessed of splendid ancient civilization. Since a man called Taibo came here with his younger brother to avoid being as the Emperor, Wu area had been exploited and Wu Culture had been developed. In South Song Dynasty, Wu area had become the heart of Chinese economy. At the turning point between last century and this century, Wu Culture was developing though it had West Culture pounded. The paper employed systems analysis methodology to discuss the relationship between Wu Culture and the environment, the integrated process of the Wu Cultural System, and the contributors to the Wu Cultural Landscape. There are three bases of Wu Culture development, the first is Wu area with cross connection of rivers and lakes, the second is advantageous geographical location, and the last is the position of China economy heart. A cultural system consists many cultural collections and cultural factors and it is also a self organized system. In compliance to the self organization theory and developing culture theory, the paper analyzed collections and factors of Wu Culture, and portraited the process of their integrated development. These cultural collections include rice, sericulture, tea, fishery, water transport, business, national industry and township village enterprises, food, dress, folk crafts, organization system. These cultural collections and factors mutually affect, and they are interdependent. They are mutually complementary and also condition each other. Then they formed a complex cultural network. This cultural network system exchanges substance, energy and information with its external environment and other cultural system around it. Wu Cultural Factors continuously renew, and a large space which helps for development culture is formed in the course of exchanging. There are also adaptation, transformation, merging and coordination within the course. In all, this paper concluded that Wu Culture is both an aqueous culture and an opening complex system. The environmental change advanced cultural integration and formation of tremendous cultural landscapes.
【CateGory Index】： G07