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FORWARD CONTRACTSIN ELECTRICITY MARKETS

Zhang Shaohua,L i Yuzeng,Wang Changjun,Yan Maosong Shanghai University,Shanghai2 0 0 0 72 ,China  
The worldwide restructuring and deregulation of electric power industry has led to an active electricity m arket with much more risks to market participants that they did not have to face during the regulated era. As an effective tool for risk management and bilateral transaction,forward contracts,or optional forward contracts,have been widely used in competitive electricity markets,and are being made further advances to those like futures. The paper introduces briefly some kinds of electricity forward contracts,and presents a literature review with a focus on theoretical studies of risk modeling of forward contracts and the effects of forward markets on spot m arkets.
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