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《Automation of Electric Power Systems》 2005-12
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Implementation Scheme and Simulation on Capturing the Out-of-step Interface

GAO Peng , WANG Jian-quan , ZHOU Wen-ping , YUAN Hong , XI Han-Jiang ( NARI-Relays Electric Co Ltd, Nanjing 211100, China) (Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China) (Guodian Nanjing Automation Co Ltd, Nanjing 211100, China)  
Nowadays the majority of out-of-step tripping systems installed throughout the world use local electrical measurements. Those schemes cannot determine the tie-line where the center of out-of-step really exists. When power system loses its synchronism, the period integral reactive power tends to flow into the interface of out-of-step. With the wide application of the optical fiber communication system in modern power systems, based on the inter (vertical) connection of optical fiber communication system, a new separation scheme based on dual (multi) terminal electrical parameter-based method for capturing the interface of out-of-step is proposed in this paper. Based on the electrical-parameter measurement at each terminal of the tie-line, the integral value of reactive-power of the tie-line whose active power flow is zero-crossing, is calculated during the course of active power crossing zero twice. Based on the optical fiber communication system, the tie-lines which have the characteristics of the integral value of reactive power flowing from their two terminals to the internals are chosen as the interface tie-lines of out-of-step. The interface of out-of-step can be tripped at the same time by setting the separation devices throughout the systems with the same value of the out-of-step period action-setting time. Therefore the asynchronous oscillation between neighboring interconnected power systems will be eliminated and the widespread outages will be avoided. The scheme is easy to be implemented and can carry out reasonable and designed system separation step. The simulation studies are given in the paper to show the correctness and the superiority of the proposed separation scheme.
【CateGory Index】: TM712
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