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《Geographical Research》 1990-03
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Cao Yong(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of The People's Republic of China)  
The theories of growth pole and growth center are recently often debated in research of regional planning theory and practical work in China. The author discussesit in a systematic way and mainly on the four issues of the theories in this paper,( 1 ) The basic concepts and the background of evolution of the theories,( 2 ) The research of the effect of the growth pole and growth center. In this section the author introduces Mr, H ,R .Richardson , J ,Friedmann ,G, Robinson and K.B.Salih's contribution on the mechanism of backwash effect and spread effect,( 3 ) The result of the backwash effect and the spread effect ; a spatial pattern.( 4 ) The testification of the spatial effect of the growth pole and growth center. In this section, the author outlines the main view and methodogy of Mr, M, J ,Moseley 's work on the issue and points out that the inadequate positive effect to establish the growth pole and growth center is due to the limited influence of government's power in distributing industry in regional level in free market society.At last, the author discusses the theories application in typically centrally planned Countries, Such as the People's Republic of China
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