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《Geographical Research》 1992-04
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CHINESE CRITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL SITUATION AND AREA

Yang Qinye Zhang Yili Li Goudong(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China)  
Anthropogenic environmental degradation is greatly disadvantageous to people's surviving and sufficient, rational utilization of natural conditions and natural resources. This paper explains how to compile "the Chinese map of critical eco-environmental situation and areas ( 1 : 10000000)" on the basis of the method applied and provided by the Russian geographers and revised according to the Chinese characteristics. About 100 different sizes of the most critical areas are reflected on the map,and they concentrate in the trausitional belt between semiarid and subhumid districts and the populous industrial areas, the former is Chinese backward economic region where eco-environment is compained with poverty and the latter is environment-affected regions by industry. As for provincial distribution, the eco-environmental situation of Zhejiang, Fujia, Anhui, Xizang (Tibet) and Xinjiang Provinces (or autonomous regions)is inless critical level, and that of Jilin, Liaoning, He-bei, Shanxi, Ningxia, Sichuan and Jiangsu is in the most critical level, and it also approaches to the international research on this subject. It points out that this research provides a probable method to have an integrated research combining natural and human sciences. In such aspects to recognize the human impact and delineate the scope of eco-environmental problems and the critical degrees through the landuse situation and population density, there is something needed to be improved because thfs kind of landuse classification according to the human impact (including technology factors) is not completely suitable for Chinese situation.
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