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Estimating soil carbon reservior of terrestrial ecosystem in China

WANG Shao qiang, ZHOU Cheng hu (The State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)  
Soil is a core of terrestrial ecosystem, and soil organic carbon is the main part of terrestrial carbon reservior. At present, terrestrial carbon cycle is one of the important components in the research of global change, so it is important to study soil carbon cycle. One precondition of terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle research is to understand soil carbon dynamics in China. The composition and dynamic change of soil organic carbon is more significant in soil carbon cycle research in China. However, soil organic carbon is not accurately defined in China, so people did not fully recognize its importance to global climate change. This paper adopted the soil distribution area, sampling data and soil organic content from the first soil general survey and applied the technique of GIS to estimate soil carbon reservior in China. Through calculating, the total amount of soil organic carbon is about 1 001 8×10 8t and carbon density is about 10 83 kgC/m 2 in China. This paper provided basic data and analysis method for global change research and scientific support for policy determination of CO 2 emission in China.
【Fund】: 中国科学院 “九五”重大A 类项目! (KZ95T-03-02-04);;国家重点科技攻关专题资助! (96-911-01-01)
【CateGory Index】: X144
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