Quantitative process of environment and economic progress in Shanghai
YUAN Wen 1, YANG Kai 2 (1.Yangtze Valley Institute, East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China; 2.Department of Environmental Science, East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China)
According to the targets and action plans towards sustainable development set up in China's Agenda 21-Shanghai Action Plan, based on seven principles, this paper selects ten indicators including total population, total GDP, total fixed investment, water quality index etc.to study Shanghai's regional development process during 1978-1998 through correlation coefficient and regression analysis. The aim of the study is to approach the characteristics and regulations of Shanghai's regional development and to provide bases for future needs. Research showed that the confliction between economic growth and environmental improvement has come to relax in the latest 20 years especially during the period with moderate economic growth rate at 7-8%. More close correlation occurred during 1990-1998 compared with that in 1979-1989. From the regression analysis, GDP was an indicator that can be forecasted with a relatively small error.