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《Geographical Research》 2004-01
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Discussion on the evolutionary trend of Lake Dongting

LAI Hong-zhou, MO Duo-wen, SU Cheng (College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)  
The evolution of Lake Dongting is determined by three main factors, which are tectonic subsidence, siltation and human impacts. "The Dongting Basin" and "the basin of Lake Dongting" are two different spatial concepts. "The basin of Lake Dongting" is only one of the components of "the Dongting Basin". The basin of Lake Dongting, the levees and the farmlands synchronously keep subsiding and relatively actionless due to the tectonic subsidence of the whole Dongting Basin. At present, the mean sedimentation rate of Lake East Dongting,Lake South Dongting and Lake Muping is 9.43, 19.11, 12.46mm/a, respectively. The rate of tectonic subsidence of the lake is low (3~10mm/a), but the capacity of tectonic subsidence still counteract a certain capacity of siltation, which restrains the shrinkage of Lake Dongting. The sedimentation rate is bigger than the rate of tectonic subsidence in Lake Dongting. Sandbars will continue to grow and expand, and Lake Dongting will still keep the trend of siltation and shrinkage. At present, the whole Dongting Basin is subsiding and expanding due to tectonic subsidence, which has no influence on the change of the capacity of storing flood of Lake Dongting, and siltation is playing a main role. The capacity of storing flood of Lake Dongting will continue to decrease as siltation goes on. During the 80 years after the Three Gorge Dam is completed with the completion of "the 4350 Project", the sedimentation rate of Lake Dongting will reduce to 1.79 mm/a. Then, the trend of siltation of Lake Dongting will be restrained.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金与水利部联合资助重大项目 (5 9890 2 0 0 ) ;; 国家自然科学基金项目 (4 0 2 710 13) ;; 教育部博士点基金项目 (990 0 0 14 9)资助
【CateGory Index】: P343.3
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