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《Geographical Research》 2005-02
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Arsenic accumulation in soils for different land use types in Beijing

CHEN Tong-bin, ZHENG Yuan-ming, CHEN Huang, WU Hong-tao, ZHOU Jian-li, LUO Jin-fa, ZHENG Guo-di (Center for Environmental Remediation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China)  
Differences in land use and land cover comprise a complicated process, which involves conversion of the natural soil ecosystem to an artificial ecosystem. This process may affect the accumulation of heavy metals in soils. The knowledge of the heavy metal concentrations for different land use types, which has been infrequently investigated, is of critical importance to assess human impact on heavy metal concentration in soils. Arsenic is a toxic heavy metal with an ADI (acceptable daily intake) of 2. 14 jug/kg body b. w. / day, according to the WHO. In this study, 500 samples were collected from 6 land-use types, including vegetable plot, paddy field, orchard, greenbelt, wheatfield, and natural soil, to compare differences between As concentrations of these soil-use types in Beijing. In comparison with background, the concentrations of As in the different land-use types increased to different extents. The accumulation of As in soils was widespread. Through ANOVA analysis, it was found that land-use type obviously influenced soil As concentrations. The natural soil type had the lowest concentration of As. The vegetable and paddy fields had the greatest concentrations of As. The intensity of anthropogenic activities, such as the use of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, and fuel combustion, was identified as an important factor affecting the concentration of As in soils. Using a baseline concentration as a reference, the ratio of all soil samples above this limit was 1. 8%, among which the ratios of soil samples from vegetable plot, orchard, and wheatfield were 2. 6%, 2. 7%, and 0. 7%, respectively. According to the mean concentrations of As, the order of the 6 land-use types, from the highest to the lowest As concentration, was paddy field greenbelt vegetable plot orchard wheatfield natural soil. The environmental quality of paddy field and vegetable plot soils needs to be closely considered because of the high accumulation of As in these soil-use types.
【Fund】: 国家杰出青年基金项目(40325003) 北京市自然科学基金重大项目(6990002)
【CateGory Index】: F293.2
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