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《Geographical Research》 2005-05
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Hub-and-Spoke System and China Aviation Network Organization

JIN Feng-jun, WANG Cheng-jin (Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS ,Beijing 100101,China)  
After the 1980s, the organization model of world aviation network changed greatly to meet air transportation demand, and a new aviation network model-Hub and Spoke System were applied in many count ries which impacted profoundly the evolution of world aviation networks. In this paper, the authors expounded the development of international Hub and Spoke Sy stems and research progress made internally and internationally, and analyzed the aviation transportation development, current problems and international develo ping environment in China. Then the authors analyzed the main aviation network models, including:1)City to City systems;2)Linear networks;and 3)Hub and Spoke System, especially discussed the organization mechanism of Hub and Spoke System and its competitive advantages. Based on the theory of Hub and Spoke Systems, the authors constructed the ideal organization model of aviation networks in China . Firstly the authors designed the evaluating indexes for choosing and appraising hub airdromes in China, and divided them into three kinds, the international hubincluded Shanghai and Beijing, internal hub included Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou, and regional hub included Shenyang, Wuhan, Xi`an,Urumqi, Chengdu and Kunming. Then the authors designed the trunk air networks linking the hub airdro mes which included three kinds and constituted the main part of the hub and Spoke systems. But the trunk lines could not be constructed if the distance between two hub airdromes exceeds 2000 km. It is very important to design lateral networks for the construction and management of Hub and Spoke Systems, of which lateral lines are produced between hub airdromes and lateral airports or among the lateral airports. But if the distance between two airports exceeds 800 km, it is impossible to construct the lateral city to city systems but linear networks.According to these standards, the ideal aviation networks of Hub and Spoke Systems was constructed in China.
【Fund】: 自然科学基金项目(40371035)
【CateGory Index】: V37;
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