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《Geographical Research》 2006-05
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On the temporo-spatial variations of the border effects:approach and empirics

LI Xun~(1),XU Xian-xiang~(2)(1.Center for Urban and Regional Studies,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China;2.Lingnan College,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)  
Regional economic incorporation illustrates trends of regional economic development and space structure transformation in the world.In China,the research on this topic has neglected border effects in the process of regional economic incorporation in most domestic relating articles at present.Therefore,this paper attempts to measure border effects throughout economic incorporation process. Based on combination of Barro regression and Gravity model,this paper establishes a new approach to measure the border effects over administrative areas in the construction process of regional economic incorporation.By exemplifying the Yangtze River Delta(YRD),the measurement is employed to demonstrate and analyze concerned border effects between Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces,between Shanghai city and Jiangsu province,and between Shanghai city and Zhejiang province in the late 1990s. Firstly,according to Chou breakpoint test,structural alteration is discovered by internal samples within provinces,and between provinces or cities in the YRD.That is,structural alteration exists in economic levels among cities in the YRD.Moreover,empirical results of regression indicate that incorporation trend exists among cities in the YRD,while borders of administrative areas hinder regional incorporation process,which means border effects exist. Secondly,from the point of alteration tendency,border effects between Shanghai and Jiangsu turned smaller gradually from 1990 to 2000.However,border effectes between Shanghai and Zhejiang became greater.Meanwhile,border effects between Jiangsu and Zhejiang decreases in regional incorporation. Finally,this paper analyzes border effects and causes of the transformation via natural conditions,historical development,economy within the administrative area,development mode and institutional arrangement and so on.Concerning regional fundamental facilities incorporation and institutional co-ordination among all levels of governments in the administrative area,it is claimed that to break administrative borders can realize regional harmonious economic development.
【Fund】: 广东自然科学基金(05003285);; 广东自然科学基金博士启动(0530061);; 广东省哲学社会科学规划项目(05D-06);; “985工程”GIS与遥感的地学应用资助
【CateGory Index】: F127
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