Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Geographical Research》 2006-06
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

A geographic research on the immigrating clans of Xiangyin county during A.D.121-1735

GONG Sheng-sheng,YU Ying(College of Urban & Environmental Science,Huazhong Normal University,Wuhan 430079,China)  
Historically migrating of population over time is the most original force to drive the evolution of regional human-environmental relationship.This paper,mainly based on the clan data recorded in the book Xiang-Yin-Xian-Tu-Zhi(Records of Xiangyin County) published in 1880 by Guo Songtao,a famous scholar as well as diplomat,and limited in the district of Xiangyin County in the Qing Dynasty,analyzes at the township level the migrating process and spatial distribution of the immigrating clans settled in Xiangyin County from A.D.121 through 1735 and the following conclusions are drawn. 1)184 of 226 existing clans in Xiangyin County are immigrants.Their immigrating types included straightforward immigrating from ancestral home,circuitous immigrating from ancestral home through one or more transfer settlement places, and return immigrating of previously out-migrating clans from Xiangyin County.Under the migrant cohesive force and migrant inertial force,the affinity on geography and cohesiveness on kin resulted in the contiguousness of out-migrating places and the aggregation of in-migrating places.At the provincial level, 67.2% of immigrating clans were from Jiangxi,15.5% from Hunan and Hubei,7.3% from Jiangsu and Anhui,the rest from Fujian,Zhejiang,Henan,Shandong,Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces. 2)According to the Records of Xiangyin County,the earliest clan immigration occurred in A.D.121-125,but mostly took place after the 10th century.Among all the immigrating clans,69.6% migrated in Xiangyin during the Ming(1368-1644),10.3% during the Yuan(1297-1368),7.6% during the early Qing(1644-1735),6.5% during the Song(960-1279),4.9% during the Later Tang(923-925),and 1.1% during the East Han(121-125) dynasties.The three immigrating climax periods(923-925,1341-1398 and 1621-1722) separately accounted for 4.9%,45.1% and 13.6%. 3)The settled places of immigrating clans within the Xiangyin County had a shifted tendency from southeastern foothills toward northwestern wetland.In the Later Tang dynasty,immigrating clans largely settled in the southeastern crisscross of foothills and plains;in the Song and Yuan dynasties,mainly in the central plain along Xiangjiang River valley;in the Ming and Qing dynasties,mostly in the wetland adjacent to the Dongting Lake.The spatial evolution of settled places of immigrating clans reflected in the Dongting Lake drainage basin there was a regional developing trend from foothills to plains and in turn from plains to wetlands. 4)The migration process in agricultural society was largely a process of labor investment,so the comparative advantage of land cost usually was a decisive factor for immigrating clans to select their settled places.Because of the varied reasons and goals of clan migration,the settled places of immigrating clans showed some difference in the spatial distribution: Jiangxi clans spread over the townships of Xiangyin County,the composition of immigrating clans in county town and in the southeastern townships were multiple,and the immigrating clans in the northwestern were mainly from Hubei,Fujian provinces and other counties of Hunan.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40471036)
【CateGory Index】: K928.6;K296.4
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 Gong Shengsheng(Department of Geography.Central China Normal University,Wuhan 430070);THE SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE TWO-LAKE PLAIN'S CITIES FOR THE PAST MORE THAN 2000 YEARS[J];ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA;1996-06
2 Lu Yuqi(Department of Geography, Nanjing Normal University);POPULATION MOVEMENT AND THE CHANGE OF REGIONAL ECONOMY PATTERN[J];Geographical Research;1990-01
3 Cai Jianming(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China);PROVINCIAL MIGRATION AND ITS IMPACT ON URBANIZATION IN CHINA[J];Geographical Research;1990-02
4 Wang Zheng(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of The People's Republic of China)Deng Fong(Institute of enveroment science of Ninbo)Yang Yunyan (Institute of economis, Zhongnan economics finance university);A CONNECTION WITH SPACIAL INTERACTION AND DIFFUSION[J];Geographical Research;1991-01
5 AN Jie-sheng (Center for Historical Geographical Studies of Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China);Study on some laws of migration in ancient China[J];Geographical Research;2004-05
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHAO Yun(Center for Historical Geographic Studies,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433,China);An analysis of land data of the Huizhou area in the Ming and Qing Dynasties[J];Historiography Anhui;2003-05
2 LIU Bo-shan (Center for Hui Studies,Anhui University,Hefei 230039,China);A study of the clans'migration in Huangdun,Huizhou[J];Historical Research in Anhui;2011-03
3 CHEN Tian-hui et al (Institute of Geographical Science and Resource,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101);Research Summary of the floating population in China[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2009-30
4 ZHANG Xian-hua(School Library,ANU,Wuhu 241000,China);Northern Migrants and Economic Development in Huizhou in the Late Tang Dynasty[J];Journal of Anhui Normal University(Hum.& Soc.Sci.);2006-06
5 ZHAO Chang-xing1,AN Lu2(1.School of Humanities, Xidian Universtiy, Xi`An, 710071, China;2.School of Humanities, Northwest A&F University, Yangling Shaanxi, 712100, China);Southward Migration and The Economic Effect During Qin-Han Dynasties[J];The Northern Forum;2008-03
6 Zhou Qi(Inst. of Life Energy. Baoji Coll. Art &. Sci. Baoji. Shaanxi 721007);A NEW INTERPRETATION OF GEOGRAPHIC SPACE[J];Journal of Baoji College of Arts and Science(Natural Science Edition);1998-02
8 Zhang tingyin Shi Jian(The National Library of China ,Beijing,100081);Genealogy,a Kind of Document Having Substantial Contents with Defects as Well as Merits[J];Library and Information;2007-01
9 HUANG Yun-he1,YUAN Hong-guang2(1.Classical Research Institute,Northeast Normal University,Changchun 130024,China;2.School of History,Changchun Normal University,Changchun 130032,China);The Constituent and Features of the Han Folk Belief in the Northeast Since Qing Dynasty[J];Journal of Changchun Normal University(Humanities and Social Sciences);2010-09
10 CHEN Xi (Institute of Liberal Arts, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan 410081, China);A Summary of the Research Since the 1980s in Economic History of Modern Hunan[J];Journal of Changde Teachers University;2001-02
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Li Jing-Li Lv Chuan-Xiao (Cultural research institute of Yellow River Delta of institute of Binzhou;Binzhou of Shandong 256603 );The Yellow River Delta immigrants of modern period[A];[C];2011
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHU You-zhi,GUO Yong(Area & City Development Research Center,Hunan Academy of Social Science,Changsha,Hunan,410003);Accelerate the Construction of Large Dongting Lake Urban Agglomeration[J];Journal of Hunan University of Arts and Science(Social Science Edition);2006-01
2 YANG Guo(College of History,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072,China);THE CHANGE OF SETTLEMENTS AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENTIAL FACTORS IN JIANGHAN-DONGTING PLAIN DURING SONG-YUAN PERIOD[J];Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin;2005-06
3 Bian Hong-xaing (Department of Geography, Hunan Teachers' Normal College) Gong Xun-li (Hunan Institute of Economic Geography);PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE RECLAMATION PROBLEMS IN THE DONGTING LAKE AREA[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1985-02
4 XIA Xian-zhong (College of History and Culture,Xiangtan University;Xiangtan 41105,China);Perspective of the Agricultural Economy of Hunan Province in Qing Dynasty[J];Journal of Hunan Institute of Engineering(Social Science Edition);2006-04
5 Deng Yongfei(Department of History in Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangtong,Guangzhou 510275);A Study of the Rice Exportation of Hunan in the Qing Dynasty[J];Ancient and Modern Agriculture;2006-02
6 Liu Xiaoqing, (Department of Geography, Hunan Normal University, Changsha) Li Huisheng, (Department of Basic Sciences, HNAC, Changsha);AN ANALYSIS OF AGROCULTURAL CALAMITIES IN THE AREA OF DONGTING LAKE[J];;1991-02
8 He Jiejun;Early Farming Culture in the Dongting[J];HUAXIA ARCHAEOLOGY;1997-01
9 Lin Ji;New Clan Schools and Rural Clans in Hubei and Hunan Provinces during the Nationalist Government Period[J];Modern Chinese History Studies;2004-02
10 Xu Chang;Peasant Household Debt and Shifts in Land Ownership: Centered on Rural Areas of the Lower Yangzi in the Early 1930s[J];Modern Chinese History Studies;2005-02
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 Guanghui Han(Department of Geography Peking University. Beijing 100871);RESEARCHES ON MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATIVE CITIES IN YUAN DYNASTY (AD 1260-1368)[J];ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA;1995-04
2 Chen Jianchang Bao Jigang(Guangzhou Institute of Geography) (Institute of Geography, Yunnan Province);A STUDY OF TOURIST BEHAVIOR AND ITS PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE[J];Geographical Research;1988-03
3 Liu Lihua(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of the People's Republic of china);AN ESTIMATION OF CROPS' PRIMARY PRODUCTIVE POTENTIALITIES AND POPULATION- CARRYING CAPACITY OF LAND OF THE GUANZHONG AREA, SHANXI PROVINCE[J];Geographical Research;1989-04
4 Wang Zheng(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of The People's Republic of China)Deng Fong(Institute of enveroment science of Ninbo)Yang Yunyan (Institute of economis, Zhongnan economics finance university);A CONNECTION WITH SPACIAL INTERACTION AND DIFFUSION[J];Geographical Research;1991-01
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved