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《Geographical Research》 2009-03
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Evaluating the using efficiencies of Chinese national parks with DEA

MA Xiao-long1,2,BAO Ji-gang2(1.China Tourism Academy,Beijing 100005,China;2.Center for Tourism Planning and Research,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)  
National parks are one of the important tourism resources and products,which is helpful to evaluate their performance for establishing rational resources using policies.The using efficiencies of 136 Chinese national parks in China and their spatial distribution characteristics are evaluated by using Data Envelopment Analysis and Spatial Comparative Analysis methods.Both the results show that the overall efficiencies of Chinese national parks are very low,and most of them are presenting the process of increasing returns of scales;Through decompositions of overall efficiencies,the results show that the congestion efficiencies of national parks are very high,but the technical efficiencies and scale efficiencies are at a low level.Both the experiential study and correlation analysis show that the scale efficiencies are the most important factor that influences the overall efficiencies of Chinese national parks,and the low overall efficiencies of Chinese national parks are also due to their low scale efficiencies.As far as the spatial distribution is concerned,there exists a transmeridional high overall efficiencies belt of Chinese national parks in Central China.The formation of the belt results from the abundant famous tourism resources and products in the related provinces of Central China,which lead to the supplement and substitute effects among them and these effects can be explained by using neoclassicism economy theory and industry agglomeration theory.Finally,the countermeasures for upgrading the using efficiencies of the national parks in different regions are discussed in this paper.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40471032)资助
【CateGory Index】: P942
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