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《Geographical Research》 2010-01
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Land use regionalization and countermeasures in Guanzhong region

YANG Yong,REN Zhi-yuan(College of Tourism and Environment Science,Shaanxi Normal University,Xi′an 710062,China)  
The Guanzhong region is one of the hot spots for socio-economic development in Northwest China.During the past decade,owing to the rapid economic development,dramatic speedup of industrialization and urbanization,together with sharp increase of population,the land use changed greatly,for example,built-up land greatly expanded and consequently the cultivated land was occupied and decreased.In this study,the authors have documented that the land use trends were restricted by natural ecological conditions and socio-economic features in the Guanzhong region.Based on the major results,the authors also proposed some suggestions for developing optimal regional land use policy. The county(or district) was considered as the basic unit in this analysis.According to the natural ecology and socio-economic conditions in the Guanzhong region,the basic land use tendency was investigated and an assessment system of land use regionalization was established,and the comprehensive regionalization of land use was studied.The spatial distribution pattern of the socio-economic comprehensive index and natural ecology comprehensive index was analyzed using a spatial data analysis method such as spatial association index.Results indicated that the natural ecology comprehensive value(0.6304) is the highest in the northern part of the Qinling Mountains.The ecological condition in the western part was better than that in the eastern part.The socio-economic activity was the most intensive in the Weihe plain,with the highest value being 0.8062.Considering the coupling between socio-economic importance comprehensive index and natural ecology comprehensive index,the pattern of land use in the Guanzhong region was divided into five types: preferential development area,feasible development area,moderate development area,preferential conservation area and gray area.Finally,the authors analyzed the characteristics of the main function regionalization and put forward the management policies and countermeasures.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40771019)
【CateGory Index】: F301
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