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《Geographical Research》 2010-08
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Study on the regional economic disparity in Jiangsu Province in view of culture

MENG Zhao-yi1,QU Ai-xue1,CHE Bing-qing2,HUANG Ze-hu1,LIU Yan1(1.College of Urban and Environmental Science,Xuzhou Normal University,Xuzhou 221116,Jiangsu,China;2.Huaihai Development Research Institute,Xuzhou Normal University,Xuzhou 221009,Jiangsu,China)  
According to dialect as a main index and county as a unit,Jiangsu province is divided into Chuhan cultural region,Wu cultural region and Jianghuai cultural region.Furthermore the three cultural regions are divided into seven cultural sub-regions.Then on the basis of cultural division,the spatial pattern and evolution trend of economic disparities among cultural regions and cultural sub-regions from 1952 to 2008 are studied by taking per capita GDP as a measure index,and taking Gini coefficient,one-stage Theil decomposition and two-stage nested Theil decomposition as measure methods.Results show that overall economic disparities of Jiangsu cultural regions increase slowly with fluctuations.In terms of the level of cultural region,economic disparities of inter-cultural region increase with fluctuations and has become the main component of the overall economic disparities.At the level of cultural sub-region,inter-and intra-economic disparities of cultural sub-regions are both decreasing continuously with fluctuation,and the former is the most important contributor to the economic disparities of intra-cultural region.As for evolution process,the change of economic disparities at different levels can all be divided into repeated fluctuation and non-equilibrium increase stages with the year 1978 as a divide line.The formation of the economic disparities among the cultural regions and sub-cultural regions is related with disparities of the regional culture and traditions in Jiangsu province.From the level of the three major cultural regions,it can be found that Wu culture,with open mind and practicality as its core spirit,can breed,select and innovate the "Sunan model" and form the dynamic power and cultural connotation to the leading economic development of southern Jiangsu.The Chuhan-culture,based on the traditional farming culture,which has closed,conservative and lagged characteristics,leads to slow modernization process of northern Jiangsu.The analyses show that different regional cultures of Jiangsu Province breed different mental models,social capital and informal institutions.As a result,different internal and external cultural powers leads to economic disparities.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金资助项目(06BJL058);; 徐州师范大学博士学位教师科研支持项目(09XLR21)
【CateGory Index】: F127
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