Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Geographical Research》 2013-07
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Types of the return migrations from mega-cities to local cities in China:A case study of Zhumadian's return migrants

LIU Yungang,YAN Tingting(School of Geography Sciences and Planning,and Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,Guangdong,China)  
After three decades of reform and opening up,the socioeconomic gap between mega-cities in eastern coastal and inland cities has been largely expanded,especially as millions of migrant workers from local cities started to settle in large or coastal cities.Accordingly,how to attract return migrants and local talents becomes the key challenge to the development of local cities.Therefore,return migrants of Zhumadian were studied as the case through fieldwork survey and questionnaire interviews.The study includes three sections: firstly,in 2009 we distributed the questionnaire of "The return intention of Henan migrant workers in Shenzhen" together with Shenzhen Urban Planning and Design Institute to examine the aspiration of migrants to return to their hometowns.We made the survey across 16 sites in Shenzhen,such as Phoenix Industrial Zone,Fuyong Town,Foxcom Industrial Zone,Xili Town,Tea Light Village,Xili Town Jiuxiangling,Yantian and so on.In early 2010 we collected a total of 405 qualified questionnaires.In the sample,79.5% of the respondents came from Zhumadian,whilst about 97% of them came from the city and its surrounding cities;Secondly,in 2010,we interviewed the government officials that engaged in the population and labor statistics of Zhumadian to examine the reasons of migration,the feature of return migrants,as well as related policies undertaken by the local governments.After that,we interviewed a total of 38 return entrepreneurs at Zhumadian to collect their information of employments,housing,job satisfactions,etc.Finally,in 2011,we interviewed nine salespersons of two typical real estate companies to collect the housing information of house-purchasing expatriates.Meanwhile,a total of 12 house-purchasing expatriates were interviewed by telephone calls.Against the context that the local city has developed an inertial development model and the local developments has been largely depended on "foreign capital"(wages mailing back from migrant workers and investors),a great deal of expatriates have been identified.It is found that high values are set on the social network of destination while low values are set on cultural infrastructure,government administrative efficiency and business environment of origin.Moreover,migrants prefer to return to their hometown to settle down.In details,there are two types of return migration,namely U-turn and I-turn.U-turn migration refers to those migrants who return to cities or towns of local prefecture,while I-turn migration means migrants return to rural areas.House-return-migration(HRM) and entrepreneur-return-migration(ERM) have been identified in these two types of return migration.Moreover,the relation between these two types of return migration has also been identified: HRM is an earlier phase of ERM in a single return course.As for ERM,parts of the return migrants are or will become entrepreneurs.The occupations they undertake at the hometown are positively related to their occupations in Shenzhen.Although the relationship with family and hometown attracts migrant returns,there are also high dissatisfactions or difficulties for entrepreneurs,such as infrastructure,sanitation and housing.Moreover,poor investment environment,such as fund,information,infrastructure and so on may also impair the return of migrants.As such,in order to attract return migration and develop local economy,the local governments of Zhumadian should make more efforts to improve the level of residential satisfactions for return migrants.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41271165;41130747);; 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(12YJAGJW007)
【CateGory Index】: C922
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 XIU Chunliang, LI Hong, YU Haihuan;MARGINALIZATION OF LOCAL CITIES IN THE GLOBALIZATION[J];City Planning Review;2003-09
2 ZHANG Xiao-Ming,BAO Ji-Gang(Center for Tourism Planning and Research,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275);Tourism Development and Return Migration of Rural Labor Force——Case Study on Xidi Village[J];Scientia Geographica Sinica;2009-03
3 ZHU Chuan geng 1,2 , GU Chao lin 1, MA Rong hua 1, ZHEN Feng 1, ZHANG Wei 3 (1.Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing 210093, China; 2.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China;;The Influential Factors and Spatial Distribution of Floating Population in China[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;2001-05
4 Gu Chaolin (Department of Urban and Resource Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093) Cai Jianming Zhang Wei Ma Qingyu (Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101) Roger C K CHAN (Centre of Urban Planning & Environ;A STUDY ON THE PATTERNS OF MIGRATION IN CHINESE LARGE AND MEDIUM CITIES[J];ACTA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA;1999-03
5 LU Qi~(1),WANG Guo-xia~(2),YANG Chun-yue~(1,3),ZENG Lei~(4)(1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;2.School of Economy,Business and Management,Shanxi University,Taiyuan 030006,China;3.Graduate School of CAS,Beijing 100039,China;4.College of Management,Hebei University,Hebei,Baoding 071002,China);Some explanations to the relationships between the geographical distribution change of migrants and economic development change in regions of China,1990 and 2000[J];Geographical Research;2006-05
6 by Wang Xiyu, Cui Chuanyi and Zhao Yang;Jobbing and Homing: Employment Transfer and Rural Growth[J];Management World;2003-07
7 ZHOU Da-ming,JI Guang-xu (Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China);Emic Perspective of the Backflow of Migrant Workers:On the Mobility of Migrant Workers in Enterprises[J];Journal of Guangxi University for Nationalities(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition);2010-03
8 LI Xun,YIN Jiangbin;Returning Migrants:A New Impetus for Small Town Development[J];Urban Planning Forum;2012-02
9 Murakami,Naoki(Advanced Research Institute for the Sciences and Humanities,Nihon University,Tokyo,Japan);On the Current State of the Business Activities by Return Migrants in Zhongyuan Plain:a sample survey of the return migrant entrepreneurs in Zhoukou[J];Journal of Henan University(Social Science);2010-01
10 SUN Feng-hua~1,LI Shi-tai~2,YANG Ai-rong~3,HUANG Li-ping~4(1.The Communications School of Ludong University,Yantai 264025,Shandong,China;2.The Geographical School of Ludong University,Yantai 264025,Shandong,China;3.Dean's Office,Jiaozuo Normal University,Jiaozuo 454100,Henan,China;4.The Tourism School of Hunan Normal University,Changsha 410081,Hunan,China);CHINESE TRANSIENT POPULATION DISTRIBUTION SPATIAL PATTERN AND ITS INFLUENCE ON REGION ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT IN 2005[J];Economic Geography;2006-06
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 YAN Yu-jie,WANG Cong-ying Shaanxi University of Science & Technology,Xi'an 710021,China;Analysis on Characteristics and Functions of the Peasant Workers' Returning Home for Venturing in Shaanxi Province[J];亚洲农业研究(英文版);2010-10
2 WANG Xuan1,GU Hui2(1.Anhui Electrical Engineering Professional Technique College,Hefei 230051,China; 2.Institute of Sociology,Anhui Academy of Social Sciences,Hefei 230051,China);Analysis on Influencing Factors of Returned Migrant Workers to Go out for Employment——Based on the Empirical Research of Anhui[J];Journal of Anhui Electrical Engineering Professional Technique College;2011-04
3 HE Wen-hua(Department of Economy and Management,Shaoyang College,Shaoyang,Hunan 422000);Characteristic,Cause and Influence of Rural Labor Transfer[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-05
4 SUN Zhao-yang (Faculty of History and Social Development,Anyang Normal University,Anyang,Henan 455000);On the Gender-selection of Rural Married Labor Transfer Under the View of the Family Strategy[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2009-01
5 TANG Xue-yu et al (College of Engineering,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210031);Research on the Participating Willingness of Rural Elites in the Construction of New Countryside[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2009-21
6 CHEN Tian-hui et al (Institute of Geographical Science and Resource,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101);Research Summary of the floating population in China[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2009-30
7 LIU Fang-yuan et al(Northeast Agricultural University,Harbin,Heilongjiang 150030);Analysis about the Influence of "Migratory Birds Style" Flow Employment of Migrant Workers on the Rural Economy of China[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-04
8 YU Xin-le et al(College of Geography and Environment,Jiangxi Normal University,Nanchang,Jiangxi 330022);Analysis of Rural Surplus Labor in Jiangxi Province[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-21
9 TIAN Fu-qiang(Department of Management Sciences of Xijing University,Xi′an,Shaanxi 710123);Analysis of the Entrepreneurship of Rural Labor Force in Xi′an[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-31
10 YAN Yu-jie et al(Shaanxi University of Science & Technology,Xi 'an,Shaanxi 710021);Analysis on Characteristics and Functions of the Peasant workers' Returning home for Venturing in Shaanxi Province[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-34
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 LV Ke-wen~1 LIANG Liu-ke~(1,2) MIAO Chang-hong~(1,2) HUANG Fei-fei~3 (1.College of Environment and Planning Henan University,Henan Kaifeng 475004;2.The Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development,Henan Kaifeng 475004;3.Department of Geography Science,Nanjing Normal University,Jiangsu Nanjing 210046);Research on Characteristics,Formation Mechanism and Countermeasures of Marginalized District—Take Huang-huai Four Cities of Henan for an Example[A];[C];2008
2 Caolei1, QIU Dao-chi2,Tian Shui-song1(1 land reconnaissance and plan office, Chongqing 400700, China)(2 College of Resources & Environment, Southwest Normal University, Beibei 400715, Chongqing, China);The Evaluation and Spatial Pattern Analysis on the Intensified Urban Land Use in YuBei[A];[C];2005
3 Wu Liancan 1 Li Yaqing 2 Shen Shuguang 3 (1.2 Lingnan College,Sun Yat-sun University,Guangzhou,Canton 510275);Empirical Study on the Impact of Social Insurance Benefits on Migrant Worker's Turnover Decision——Evidence from Pearl River Delta in Guangdong Province[A];[C];2010
4 ;完善我国农民工医疗保障制度的思考[A];[C];2009
5 Chen Junting~(a,b) Lan Bo~c (a.College of Civil Engineering & Architecture,Nanning,GUANGXI 530004;b.College of Geography and Oceanography Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093 c.Guangxi Institute of Urban-Rural Planning and Design,Nanning,GUANGXI 530002;The Study of Spatio-Temporal Correlation of Gravity Center Between Population and Industrial in Guangxi[A];[C];2012
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Fei Xiaotong;Country,Town and Regional Development:Reflections of the course of My Community Re-search[J];JOURNAL OF PEKING UNIVERSITY(HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES);1995-02
2 HUANG Ying (Political and Legal College of Beihua University, Jilin 132013,China);Analysing Effect and Countermeasure about the Reflow of the Countryside Labors in Our Country[J];Journal of Beihua University;2005-04
3 HE Xin, XI Qiao-juan(Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081);The Power Relationship in Organization Management of Higher Education Institutions in View of Role Theory[J];Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology(Social Sciences Edition);2004-03
4 ;民工潮:起源、效应与对策[J];Finance and Economics;2004-04
5 ZOU Shao-qing1, HE Chun2 (1.Southwest Normal University, Chongqing 400715; 2.BeiBei Vocational Education School,chongqing 400700);On International Talents Trend in Fluid and Reflux[J];Journal of Chongqing Polytechnic College;2004-01
6 LI Yang(Economics and Management College, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300222, China);Review of present situation of research into peasant workers[J];Journal of Chongqing Technology and Business University;2005-03
7 Zhou xia(College of Philosophy and Sociology, Beijing Normal University, 100875);Returning or Remaining?——the analysis of factors on influencing urban migrant workers'rational decisi on[J];Journal of Chongqing Technology and Business University;2005-04
8 LI Jing-wenJI Yu-hua(1.Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, Economic Management College of Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100022;2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Social Science, Beijing, 100102);International comparison of Chinese urbanization[J];Urban Studies;2004-03
9 LI Bingren;Urban Development Policies of China and the Influence to Chinese Urbanization[J];Urban Studies;2008-02
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved