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《Geographical Research》 2015-11
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Regional differentiation and type division of rural settlements to South of Yangtse River: A case study of Changsha

TAN Xuelan;LIU Zhuo;HE Yanhua;TAN Jie;ZHANG Yansi;ZHOU Guohua;Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University;College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University;Hunan Institute of Survey and Design;  
The study of rural residential areas is an important part in the rural settlement geography, as well as in the research of the regional system of human-environment interaction.With rapid developments of urbanization and industrialization, the rural population is falling substantially, Meanwhile, the urban and rural industrial structure and spatial layout are being adjusted quickly, rural infrastructure are being constructed rapidly, rural production and life style have changed significantly. All these changes are bringing the country towards rapid transformations and reconstructions. How to understand the regional differentiation rules and spatial pattern adjustment and optimization of rural settlements in new era in China, was an important theoretical and practical area carried out in the field of geography. Under this background, it is of great significance to study the regional differentiation and type division of rural settlements in regions south of Yangtse River. Based on the Landsat TM satellite images of Changsha in 2013 and administrative zoning map of Changsha city, using the ERDAS,Map GIS, Arc GIS and Frastats software and methods of exploratory spatial data analysis and spatial matrics, we analyzed the regional differentiation of spatial patterns and types. The results showed that in spatial distribution, the rural settlements in Changsha are characterized by obvious concentration with evident spatial variability. In scale, the rural settlements in Changsha are generally in a smaller scale and the size distribution from west to east is "wavy" structured. The spatial change of form and pattern, through the measurements of pattern indices of two transect zones in areas along the Xiangjiang River and National Highway 319, shows that the form and layout of the rural settlements in Changsha are very complex, scattered and irregular. By establishing the morphological measurement index system of the rural settlements, with the method of clustering analysis, the rural settlements in Changsha are divided into seven types: low-density point-scattered type, low-density cluster-like type,medium cluster-like type, high-density cluster-like type, medium-density mass type, mediumdensity stripe type, and high-density stripe type. The spatial distribution, the characteristics,forming condition and the mechanism, and adjustment route of each type were analyzed. The medium cluster-like type is the main geographical one, which is also the result of long-term adaptation and selection of the special terrain and land-forming conditions. In the end, optimal regulations such as center village cultivation, rural population and industrial aggregation,infrastructure and public service facilities development were proposed based on the population agglomeration and industrial development as well as infrastructure and public service facilities improvement.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41201175 41571168 41471145 41301192);; 湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(14YBA209);; 湖南省重点学科地理学建设项目(2011001);; 湖南省科技厅软科学研究计划项目(2012ZK3147)
【CateGory Index】: P208;C912.82
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