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《Geographical Research》 2019-08
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The tempo-spatial structure and efficiency of China's express service during the "Double Eleven Shopping Carnival" :A time-geographic approach

LI Luqi;KONG Xiang;The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies,East China Normal University;School of Urban and Regional Science,East China Normal University;  
The "Double Eleven" was shaped as an e-commerce promotion activity( "Double Eleven Shopping Carnival") in 2009. Since that, its turnover has grown rapidly. However, the sharply increased logistics service demand during this period has also exerts great pressure on China's logistics industry. Based on the methods of time-geography and data from ZJS Express,this paper makes a preliminary analysis of the tempo-spatial structure and efficiency of China's logistics service during the Double Eleven Shopping Carnival. The main conclusions are as follows.(1) In terms of the overall tempo-spatial pattern, the express circulation during the period of the Double Eleven is relatively fast and the delay is not observed at the large scale.Moreover, regions in the east have higher volume of express compared with central and northeast China, with the packages spreading from the east to the west and the northeast via the capital city in each province.(2) In terms of spatial structure, there are two major sources of expresses in each region: the short-distance and medium-distance expresses mainly come from the inside of the regions, while long-distance expresses mainly come from East China. This suggests that East China is at the core of e-commerce development and logistics services, thus has the significant function of extrovert service.(3) In terms of time structure, the majority of expresses during the period of Double Eleven are transport-dominated, with a few are warehouse-dominated and delivery-dominated. Specially, the weak transport-dominated expresses account for 73.34% of the total amount, whose average time consumption of 3 major links(i. e. warehouse, transport and delivery) are 0.505, 1.252, and 0.303, respectively. This suggests that most expresses can complete the entire distribution process in about 2 days.(4) In terms of the activity patterns, the time distribution regularities of 3 major activities(i.e. pickup,leave and delivery) are disturbed by the logistics pressure during the study period. Under the pressure, the time proportion of these activities tends to be balanced in each day. However, all the activities still maintain their original periodicity.(5) The bundle of each logistics node has drop-like and segmented features. And the processing capacity of each city presents a layered feature, which is basically in line with the level of each city in the node hierarchy. The innovation of this paper is to introduce the basic methods of time-geography into the analysis of the Double Eleven Shopping Carnival.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41771156);; 中央高校基本科研业务费项目华东师范大学共享交叉基金(人文社会科学)项目(2019ECNU-GXJC002)
【CateGory Index】: F259.2
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