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《Geographical Research》 2019-08
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The relocation of Shanghai's computer manufacturing industries and its regional economic impacts

LI Xiande;ZHANG Xuliang;LI Weijiang;WEN Jiahong;School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences,Shanghai Normal University;Institute of Geography and Sustainability,University of Lausanne;Academy of Global Zheshang Entrepreneurship,Zhejiang University of Technology;School of Economics,Zhejiang University;  
The impacts of "decoupling" global production networks on China's regional economies have become more pronounced since the 2008 Global Financial Crisis. Shanghai's computer manufacturing industries are being relocated, especially to Chongqing, an inland Chinese city. Drawing upon Shanghai's Input-Output tables and industrial databases, this study employs structural decomposition method and industrial diversity index to characterize structural changes in Shanghai's computer manufacturing industries and assess the corresponding regional economic impacts. More specifically, this study finds that:(1) As Shanghai's computer manufacturing industries have been 'locked' in the assembly process within the global value chain, the decreasing value added rates and increasing labor costs are driving firms away from Shanghai.(2) The total economic outputs of Shanghai's computer manufacturing industries decreased by 48.39 billion Yuan during 2007-2012, mainly due to shrinking domestic market and technological changes.(3) The relocation of computer manufacturing industries has limited impacts on the Pudong New Area, which has a more diverse industrial base. By contract, Minhang district and Songjiang district, with less diverse industries, are hit hard by the relocation of computer manufacturers. In order to accommodate the impacts of "decoupling" global production networks and improve regional economic resilience, Shanghai needs to become a research and development hub within global production networks, have higher labor productivity and value-added rates, as well as host a diversified industrial structure.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41771540 41730642 41571110 41301168);; 国家社会科学基金项目(17BJL077);; 上海师范大学理工科科研发展基金项目
【CateGory Index】: F426.67;F127
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