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《Geographical Research》 2019-08
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Interregional agricultural eco-compensation based on virtual cultivated land flow: Regional division and compensation standard accounting

LIANG Liutao;ZHU Kongchao;College of Environment and Planning,Henan University;Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions,Ministry of Education;College of Earth and Environmental Sciences,Lanzhou University;  
At present, the practice of agricultural eco-compensation in China is mainly concerned with the central vertical transfer payment to local governments, but the overall effect is not very good. Under the conditions of opening up the grain market, the flow of grain is also accompanied by the inter-regional flow of virtual cultivated land. The area where virtual cultivated land is transferred has paid too much economic, resource, and ecological costs. In order to ensure interregional fairness, it is necessary to provide eco-compensation for the virtual cultivated land flowing-out area based on the carrier of virtual cultivated land, which provides new ideas for the study of interregional agricultural eco-compensation. Therefore, this paper attempted to construct an interregional agricultural eco-compensation framework from the perspective of the flow of virtual cultivated land, and under this framework, studies were carried out on the inter-regional agricultural eco-compensation payment/compensation divisions and compensation standard measurement. The results indicate that: the basic principle of the interregional agricultural eco-compensation is to use the virtual cultivated land net flow(the difference between the input and output of virtual farmland) indicators to divide the payment/receipt area of the inter-regional eco-compensation. The sub-compartment with positive net flow should pay eco-compensation to the net outflow sub-compartment of the virtual cultivated land because the flow of virtual cultivated land occupied the land resources of other regions. A sub-compartment with negative net flow means that the sub-community's land resources are occupied by other areas through the virtual cultivated land flow and should receive eco-compensation. The amount of inter-regional agricultural eco-compensation should include the investment cost of agricultural eco-environmental protection and improvement, as well as the opportunity cost of occupying agricultural resources to be lost and uniformly collected and distributed by the management platform. After 2004, the flow of virtual cultivated land tended to be stable, which is represented by the pattern of "Shift of Farmland from South to North". The compensation area for the inter-regional agricultural eco-compensation includes15 provincial-level areas, mainly in the northeast, north and northwest regions. The payment area includes 16 provincial-level areas, mainly in the eastern coastal areas and southwest regions. In terms of the amount of reimbursement, the average annual total value within the study period was 147.258 billion yuan, and the average annual quotas in highly compensated regions(Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia, and Henan) were all above 15 billion yuan.Regarding the amount of payments, the average annual value during the study period was54.301 billion yuan, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Beijing, and Fujian in the high-paying regions had an average annual payment of more than 4 billion yuan, and Guangdong exceeded 15 billion yuan.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41771565);; 河南省高校科技创新人才(人文社科类)支持计划(2019-cx-014);; 河南省高校科技创新团队(16IRTSTHN012)
【CateGory Index】: F323.211;X322
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