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Guo Laixi; Jiang Dehua(Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101)  
Poverty is a world problem that limits social development.There are poor people both indeveloped and developing countries with a difference only in degrees.China has quite a big poor area. The 592 officially designated poor counties have over70% of the poor population in China(80 million).They are critically important in China’spoverty eradication.The 592 poor counties can be divided into three types:1.Central Mountains and Plateau Region,with five sub-types in this area:(1) Soil Ero-sion Region in South-East Mongolia Plateau;(2)Loess Plateau Gully Region;(3)DeterioratedNatural Environment in Qinba Mountain Region;(4)Karst Plateaus and Hills Region;(5)“Enclosed Areas” of High Mountain and Canyon Region along the Hengduan Mountain Area. 2.The High-Altitude Mountains and Plateaus in the West Deserts Region. There are 36poor counties in the desert region of Qinghai Provices,in Xingjiang and Tibetan autonomousregion,and in the Pamirs and Qingzang Plateaus.3.“The Island-shaped areas”in the Eastern Plain and Mountain Region and the Old Re-volutionary bases. The eastern part is China’s economic region, but there are still poor coun-ties in this area:(1)the north-east frontier area;(2) saline and arkaline areas in the lowerplains;(3)the island-shaped mountain and hilly regions. In short,environment has a close relationship with poverty, the poorer the environmert,the more serious the poverty. But the reasons that cause poverty are complicated. Some areashave good natural conditions , but have poor transportation and unsatisfactory technologywhich are the unfavourable factors that cause povety.Also national policy can affect people’s living standard.In conclusion,to make natural environment better and to get rid of poverty,differentpolicies should be pursued in defferent places.
【CateGory Index】: X14
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